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MGM Resorts International Q2 2023 Earnings Call Transcript


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Participants

Corporate Executives

  • Andrew Chapman
    Director of Investor Relations
  • William Hornbuckle
    Chief Executive Officer and President
  • Jonathan Halkyard
    Chief Financial Officer
  • Corey Sanders
    Chief Operating Officer
  • Hubert Wang
    President and Chief Operating Officer of MGM China

Presentation

Operator

Good afternoon and welcome to the MGM Resorts International Second Quarter 2023 Earnings Conference Call. Joining the call from the company today are Bill Hornbuckle, Chief Executive Officer and President; Corey Sanders, Chief Operating Officer; Jonathan Halkyard, Chief Financial Officer, and Treasurer; Hubert Wang, President and Chief Operating Officer of MGM China and Andrew Chapman, Director of Investor Relations. [Operator Instructions]

I would now like to turn the call over to Andrew Chapman.

Andrew Chapman
Director of Investor Relations at MGM Resorts International

Good afternoon and welcome to the MGM Resorts International Second Quarter 2023 Earnings Call. This call is being broadcast live on the internet at investors.mgmresorts.com, we've also furnished our press release on Form 8-K to the SEC. On this call, we will make forward-looking statements under the Safe Harbor provisions of the federal securities laws. Actual results may differ materially from those contemplated in these statements. Additional information concerning factors that could cause actual results to differ from these forward-looking statements is contained in today's press release and in our periodic filings with the SEC. Since as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update these statements as a result of new information or otherwise.

During the call, we will also discuss non-GAAP financial measures when talking about our performance. You can find the reconciliation of GAAP Financial Measures in our press release and investor presentation, which are available on our website. Finally, this presentation is being recorded.

I will now turn it over to Bill Hornbuckle.

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

Thank you, Andrew, and thank you all for joining us this afternoon. I'm happy to share that MGM Resorts posted an all-time record for consolidated net revenues in the second quarter. We achieved strong earnings across our domestic portfolio, with near record second quarter adjusted property EBITDA results at MGM China and the first quarter of positive EBITDA at BetMGM. At a high level, we're seeing strong demand trends in Las Vegas with casino drop and handle up year-over-year alongside increasing hotel revenues with our fourth quarter hotel revenues forecasted to be the highest of all time.

In our regional operations, we achieved year-over-year top line growth on a same store basis, taking into consideration the sale of the Gold Strike Tunica with profit margins in the range of prior quarters. We're continuing to evaluate our business and evolve our products to ensure that we're maximizing profit, while maintaining great customer service levels. Our second quarter results are continued testament to 75,000 plus employees and their commitment to offering world class service and memories for our guests. Simply stated, our employees are the best in the business, and I want to thank them for helping us deliver another outstanding quarter in Las Vegas and our regional locations and, ultimately, in Macau.

While we're certainly pleased with the results we've achieved in the first half of this year, we frankly are even more excited by what's to come in the back half, starting with the historic long term agreement with Marriott International that we announced last month. As part of this agreement we've created a new MGM collection with Marriott Bonvoy, allowing it to more than 180 million members to book rooms and earn and redeem Marriott Bonvoy points at 17 MGM Resorts domestic properties. This agreement will enhance our profitability by driving lower customer acquisition costs and with a better mix in higher ADRs and on property spend.

By 2025, our expectation is that the Marriott customer base represent a meaningful segment of our hotel mix at premium rates. Jonathan will expand further on this business case in his section. I'd like to personally thank Tony Capuano and his team for their partnership and collaboration throughout this effort, and we can't wait to get started in the fall.

Looking into the third quarter, we have great programming, including Black Hat at Mandalay Bay, Magic at the Convention Center, and Beyonce at Allegion. Bookings are strengthening for the remainder of the year. And as we get close to Formula 1 in November, we've also got a great fall home schedule for the Raiders which will have fans flocking into Vegas and Green Bay, Pittsburgh, Kansas City, and New England among other cities that all travel well. For Formula 1, while still early, we are already have twice the occupancy on the books, and at four times the average rate compared to last year, and with more than 70% of our ticket inventory already committed. A portion of these tickets will go to our gaming customers and early front money and credit data suggest that Formula 1 is shaping up to be an all-time record casino event for the company.

Our pace into the second quarter of 2024 is also setting up quite well, excuse me, the first quarter, highlighted by the Super Bowl and Allegiant Stadium in February. We're already seeing stronger rates in a typical Super Bowl weekend, with exceptional early business from sponsors and media that has led to three to four times higher room rates on the books.

Looking longer term, we're excited by the possibilities to Las Vegas, literally in our front yard at the current Tropicana site. [Indecipherable] proposing a 30,000 seat stadium, representing an additional 2.4 million seats every year during the regular season, that should drive over 400,000 new tourists who are in the focus on midweek business. The Raiders and the Stanley Cup Champion, Golden Knights have shown that Las Vegas is the go to destination for away fans seeking a fun and entertaining getaway to see their favorite teams play. And we think the A's will be no different. The A Stadium, Allegiant, and T Mobile represent a 100,000 seats holding three professional sports teams that are directly adjacent to one or more of our properties with a possibility for multiple events on the same day. It's clear that Las Vegas has become the world's premier sports and entertainment destination.

Turning to Macau, we posted another outstanding quarter of performance and adjusted property EBITDAR surpassing the second quarter of 2019. Margins were in the high 20s, a great story that we feel confident can be sustained for the long term. Our outsized performance in Macau was a result of exceptional execution by the team at MGM China, who has done an incredible job positioning our properties to maintain share in the mid-teens in the market that has seen significant increase in hotel supply during the quarter. Just a few weeks ago, we reconfigured and enhanced Pitt 7 [Phonetic] at MGM Macau, and the Lotus Room at MGM Cotai and expect to complete the deployment optimization in Q3 of our tables.

In Macau, we are focused on four key priorities: activating our incremental 200 tables; making optimistic changes to our casino Florida maximize yield; taking care of our premium mass customers; and driving international customers to our property through our global branch office network. We're committed to helping shape the future of Macau as a global tourism destination through our concession commitments with investments being beginning this year.

Think of Macau capital will cover a wide range of opportunities, including investments in art and culture, entertainment, and the expansion of our international customer base. I'd like to thank the Macau [Phonetic] government for their continued support.

Turning now to BetMGM. As the team announced last week, we are on track for second half 2023 profitability, and we're pleased with the meaningful progress we've made towards single account, single wallet. In fact, this week we expect to be live with this feature in 14 markets, which cover more than 50% of our database. Our partners announced acquisition of Angstrom is also a positive step towards improving BetMGM's product and refining our pricing tools, both of which we expect to drive customer satisfaction and, ultimately, margins.

One of the meaningful benefits that MGM Resorts brings at BETMGM is 37,000 rooms in Las Vegas that import new customers nightly. All of our resort guests are exposed to BetMGM marketing throughout their stay. And on average, BetMGM acquires 30,000 customers monthly who've originated or had a product relationship with MGM Resorts, with half of those coming from Nevada. As we roll out single account, single wallet across the country, BetMGM will be able to truly activate our unparalleled footprint in Las Vegas is part of our omnichannel strategy. We expect acquisition and engagement metrics to grow as players get to enjoy a seamless experience using the BetMGM app across state borders.

We're also focused on growing our international digital business through LeoVegas. And last quarter we announced an acquisition of Push Gaming, a gaming content studio. That acquisition is scheduled to close later this fall, we developed our digital presence internationally through improved content, technology, and distribution. Now, lastly, on the development front, in New York, we hope to receive a license in the first half of 2024. In Japan, next step is entering into an implementation agreement with the central government which we also expect in the fall.

In closing, our agreement with Marriott, ongoing investments into our operations and a fantastic sports and entertainment backdrop in Las Vegas positions us well to create operating leverage by growing our EBITDAR against our fixed rent escalators. The stability of our domestic business will be supplemented by outsized earnings opportunities in Macau as that business ramps and the begin of profitability in BetMGM. We also have longer tail opportunities with our developments in Japan and New York and with our international digital strategy with LeoVegas.

When you connect each of these opportunities for cash flow generation together, add to it the strength of our balance sheet and with more cash than debt, then excluding MGM China, then consider the fact that we reduced our share count by approximately 30% since the beginning of 2021, we believe the company is tremendously positioned for growth as we accelerate our free cash flow yield.

With that, I'll turn this over to Jonathan for more detail on the quarter. Jonathan?

Jonathan Halkyard
Chief Financial Officer at MGM Resorts International

Thanks very much, Bill. And I too want to start my remarks by thanking our employees for all their hard work in delivering another robust quarter of results. Bill said our employees are the best in the business, and I couldn't agree more. In the second quarter, we achieved strong earnings across our domestic portfolio and near second quarter all time record adjusted property EBITDAR results at MGM China. Before I get into the results, let me begin with the financial benefits we believe the Marriott agreement brings to MGM. In Las Vegas, MGM Resorts fills roughly 12 million room nights a year.

Based on data from the Cosmopolitan as well as Marriott, we believe we can replace approximately 5% to 7% of our lowest yielding rooms with Marriott direct bookings representing 600,000 to 800,000 rooms per year. Upgrading these lower yielding room nights with Marriott brings a lower customer acquisition cost, higher ADR and a higher yielding customer with more on property spend. Based on our research and our prior experience with the Cosmopolitan, we expect to increase profit per room by approximately a $100 per night, driving $60 million to $75 million in annual profit once stabilized.

This estimate doesn't include any further upside from our regional operations, group, or occupancy lift. All in all, we're excited about this agreement with Marriott and look forward to kicking things off in October. Now turning to our results. Our consolidated businesses generated all time record revenues of $3.9 billion, up 21% from last year and adjusted EBITDAR of $1.1 billion. During the quarter, net cash from operating activities was $577 million, less capital expenditures free cash flow was $323 million. It's important to note that $166, million in cash flow from operating activities and $14 million in capex related MGM China were included in the quarter.

Here in Las Vegas, revenues of $2.1 billion were steady compared to prior year and adjusted property EBITDAR was down 6% to $777 million. That's a good number for Las Vegas. On a same store basis, excluding the Mirage and the Cosmopolitan, revenues were level and adjusted property EBITDAR decreased 8%. Margins of 36% were well above 2019 levels. Second quarter occupancy was 96% and ADR was $234, an increase of 4% year-over-year. Looking forward, our pace, which reflects on the books rooms is up year-over-year for every month beginning in 2023 or remaining in 2023. In terms of where we are seeing strength in Las Vegas, it's clear that it's coming from the luxury segment, which for this purpose, we define as our properties which have a higher ADR than the strip average of $185. And that's our business. This segment represents approximately 65% of our rooms and over 80% of our EBITDAR in the second quarter.

In the regions, revenues of $926 million were down 3% compared to prior year and adjusted property EBITDAR was down 14% to $294 million. Of course, this quarter, we did not have the results of the Gold Strike. So same store revenues, excluding the Gold Strike grew 2% with adjusted property EBITDAR decreasing 7%. We continue to see stable trends in our regional operations. While EBITDAR was down year-over-year on a same store basis, most of that decline is attributable to two properties, the Borgata and MGM Grand Detroit, both of which lead their highly competitive markets. Regional adjusted EBITDAR margins were 32% in the quarter. As you were will recall, in the third quarter of 2022 we brought back our normal service and amenity levels to our regional properties which has led to consistent margins in the 32% to 33% range since.

Turning to Macau, our adjusted property EBITDAR $209 million was an increase of 21% versus the second quarter of 2019 with a 28% margin. Gross gaming revenues exceeded second quarter 2019 levels, led by our main floor win, which was 37% higher than 2019. The flow through created from net revenues to adjusted property EBITDAR was over 100% when compared to 2019. We made progress in improving MGM China's credit profile with the July announcement of the amendment and extension of our two revolving credit facilities with a new maturity date in 2026. And this was an important step in securing and extending our access to liquidity.

In the first half of 2023, BetMGM generated net revenues associated with operations of $944 million, which is an improvement of 55% compared to the first half last year. BetMGM is well on track to achieve our forecast of $1.8 billion to $2 billion in net revenues from operations for the year. Our 50% of BetMGM's operating losses in the second quarter were $22 million. As you recall, BetMGM -- sorry, MGM reports BetMGM one month in arrears. So our second quarter reporting reflects March through May, and that explains the variance to BetMGM's positive EBITDA in the calendar quarter. Let me close on capital allocation and valuation. As we just lapped the one year mark at the Cosmopolitan, and with the Mirage and Gold Strike transactions behind us, it's a good time to reflect on the impact of these portfolio moves on our financial picture.

We committed a net $460 million of capital to our domestic Opco's with the acquisition of the Cosmopolitan and the subsequent dispositions of the Mirage and the Gold Strike. On a trailing 12 month basis, the incremental adjusted property EBITDAR generated from the cosmopolitan less the amount lost with the dispositions was $258 million. Backing out the change to cash rent with these transaction results in a net increase of $188 million on $460 million of capital. This implies a creation multiple of 2.4 times or said another way, a return on investment of 41% for a property the Cosmopolitan in Las Vegas that is now the youngest in our Las Vegas portfolio with the attending low capex requirement. We take capital allocation seriously here, and we're proud of these moves and the execution of the Cosmopolitan, which made it all possible.

This year, through today, we also returned capital to shareholders by purchasing over 28 million shares for $1.2 billion. We're currently trading at 30% higher than our average weighted cost of shares since the program resumed in early 2021, yet our evaluation still remains very attractive. In our earnings presentation posted this afternoon, I revisit our adjusted EBITDA multiple at current trading levels. Using consensus valuation estimates for our share of BetMGM and the current market value of MGM China, we're trading at five times trailing adjusted EBITDA.

Bill, back to you.

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

Thanks, Jonathan. Hopefully, you've heard the business case come through loud and clear. MGM Resorts offers consistent earnings through our Las Vegas and regional properties with near term growth and diversification through BetMGM shift to profitability, and MGM's China's rapid inflection, as well as long term growth opportunities in international, digital, and to our expansion efforts in New York and Japan. Plus, a fortified balance sheet allows us the ability to make optimistic investments and acquisitions as well as return capital to shareholders through share repurchases.

As Jonathan mentioned, we believe our shares will still be priced at an attractive level. And as we stand today, I am certainly encouraged by our ability to grow free cash flow significantly and believe as of some of the parts evaluation, we included in the deck suggests our core business is trading at multiples well below our competitors providing them for future growth and value to our shareholders.

With that, operator, we'll take questions.

Questions and Answers

Operator

[Operator Instructions] And our first today will come from Joe Greff with JP Morgan. Please go ahead.

Joseph Greff
Analyst at JPMorgan Chase & Co.

Afternoon, Bill. Afternoon, Jonathan. You did a fairly thorough job talking about the your current operations and the trend lines in Las Vegas and the regional Macau, as well as BetMGM. So I have a couple of sort of big picture questions or one big picture question and then sort of one thought on New York. But my first question is, if you could just give us an update on any digital or any M&A aspirations in digital, how much of a strategic priority is that for you both in international markets and in North America.

And then maybe for each, how big is too big is there a size constrain. And then my follow-up question relates to the three downstate licenses here in New York. or New York -- could the two existing facilities get licenses if there's contention or uncertainty around the third license and what's your expectation in terms of communications regarding the next steps in New York. I think Bill, you may have been in New York fairly recently. So I'm sure you're current. That's all for me. Thanks.

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

Thanks, Joe. Let me take those. As it relates to digital, we're focused on working alongside our partners with a collective goal to maximize the growth and profitability of MGM and LeoVegas. I think we're making good progress on both of those fronts. And that's really all we're going to say. I think on the second one, it has been interesting. I'm hopeful in the next month or so that we're going to hear something from the commission and ultimately get the process rolling. As you know, we've submitted questions. I think we submitted, like, 84, 85 questions about the actual bill and the process. The moment they begin to return those questions to us, the 90 day starts. We've not got any specific indication, but we do believe it will happen shortly and are hopeful to that. So that remains on track, I think, for some time in 2024 getting licensed and then pushing on from there would be our goal and our hope. But nothing definitive there either.

Joseph Greff
Analyst at JPMorgan Chase & Co.

Thanks, guys.

Operator

And our next question will come from Shaun Kelley with Bank of America. Please go ahead.

Shaun Kelley
Analyst at Bank of America

Hi, good afternoon everyone. Thanks for taking my question. So, I just want to dig into sort of the Las Vegas outlook a little bit, but probably a little bit more through a margin or cost lens. So, I think across the quarter and certainly across lots of other leisure oriented businesses, we're starting to see the top just normalize a little bit and it's pretty understandable after such a good year last year. Just could you help us think a little bit about what kind of revenue growth MGM needs in the back half or kind of moving forward to get a bit of cost leverage to either hold margin or get a bit of cost leverage from a bit of a more normalized level. I think in the back half X Formula 1, things are going to start to look a little bit more normal. So just help us think about what are you experiencing on the inflation front? What would you need? Could you lever a 2% or 3% growth rate? Would you need a little bit more than that just given the existing inflationary environment, how do you kind of think about those puts and takes?

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

I kick it off and turn it over to my colleagues. Look, obviously, Formula 1 is a unique opportunity, and it sounds like one that's going to repeat itself for us often. And the economics around that are substantial. That being said, we've relooked at our forecast for the second half of the year, and particularly on top line, driven by rooms and driven by luxury, feel really good about it, both individually by property, and particularly as you go up the luxury spectrum and then ultimately overall. I think the big thing that's going to impact us is going to be ultimately wage.

You all know, the culinary and the company or all of Las Vegas companies are now out in negotiating process, which is going well. And we have decades of history with them on doing this. This town hasn't seen a strike since the 80's. And so, I think we'll come to a reasonable resolve. There are issues there around housekeeping of note in their core contingency of people that we're going to need to address. But labor, I think, is the biggest thing that sits out there. But, again, the top line has been holding up exceptionally well. So Corey, I don't know if you want to...

Jonathan Halkyard
Chief Financial Officer at MGM Resorts International

Yes. I'll, it's Jonathan. Shaun, I'll add a couple of comments. Year-on-year we're experiencing some increases in Las Vegas and the regional markets, in our FTE counts. Not severe, low single digit increases. And that's because of the dynamics we described during our prepared remarks, mostly around full staffing and in the regions around -- actually a fairly dramatic increase in non-gaming revenues in our regional properties. But as you look sequentially, as we go forward into the third, fourth quarter, first quarter of next year, I think we'll just need a few percentage points of growth in order to -- in order to maintain margins in and around current levels. And interestingly in Las Vegas, the fourth quarter has become a seasonal higher quarter for us with, of course, F1, the event schedule around the Raiders and other things that we're doing. So that that tends to help margins as well. Corey?

Corey Sanders
Chief Operating Officer at MGM Resorts International

I think he covered it, Jonathan.

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

And Shaun, I would just, for reaffirmation on margins, we've now landed, I think where we said we would land. I think that's pretty -- history would say that, and we intend to stay there. And so, we'll continue to adjust the business accordingly. But we understand the importance of the margins and where we are and where we need and want to be. And I think we're just about there.

Shaun Kelley
Analyst at Bank of America

That's super helpful color. Thank you. As my follow-up, a small one, but, Jonathan, thanks for the sort of extra detail on the Marriott agreement. Just sort of one specific one on that, but the $60 million to $75 million in annual profit you outline, is the number like that net or gross, meaning, is that after the incremental cost to Marriott for that? So would that just be pure savings to MGM or do we have to net out whatever the costs are, the fees to Marriott as a part of that?

Jonathan Halkyard
Chief Financial Officer at MGM Resorts International

No. We see that as net of -- net benefit to the company and also doesn't include benefits in the regional markets, and in occupancy, recognizing we already operate at very high occupancies, but that's a net number.

Shaun Kelley
Analyst at Bank of America

Really encouraging. Thank you, everyone.

Operator

And our next question will come from David Katz with Jefferies. Please go ahead.

David Katz
Analyst at Jefferies Financial Group

Hi, afternoon, everyone. Thanks for taking my question. I wanted to talk about the regional business just a bit. We've seen a number of regional operators report so far and there's been just some pressure right on the top and the bottom. Can you just give us your current state of the state of the regional business? Is this kind of a momentary pressure? Is it economically driven? What is your outlook for that business competitively, etc.?

Corey Sanders
Chief Operating Officer at MGM Resorts International

Yes, David. It's Corey. I think the business is fairly stable as we look across all of our lines of business. The one area we're seeing a little bit of a decline in is that our table games as a few of the properties that Jonathan mentioned earlier about the decline in our business. The non-gaming amenities are holding up extremely well and would have been very strong this summer.

On the labor front, I think we're pretty well dialed in there. We're still down significantly from our peak FTEs and have a good understanding of our cost. So that business maintaining, I see is most likely happening in the future quarters.

David Katz
Analyst at Jefferies Financial Group

Got it. [Multiple Speakers] Please.

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

I was just going to add a couple of comments, which is that, ours is a unique regional portfolio in that, not only are virtually all the properties have commanding market positions, but now with the conclusion of the room renovation at the Water Club as well as the Beau Rivage, these are properties which are, as a group point to be extremely strong free cash flow generators for the enterprise over the next several years with a lot of the major capex behind us. So they play a very important part for the portfolio because of that.

David Katz
Analyst at Jefferies Financial Group

Understood. And one of the topics we haven't talked about in a while Jonathan is, focusing on digital investment and investment in the loyalty program, and MGM's loyalty program. Can you update us on what's going on there and what benefits you may be seeing or any ways to measure?

Jonathan Halkyard
Chief Financial Officer at MGM Resorts International

Sure. Most of our investments in the loyalty program have been around technology enablement for our MGM rewards members, so that they can make their reservations online. They can check-in through mobile check-in, etc.. And also introducing benefits to the program whereby they can redeem their MGM reward points for non-gaming as well as other amenities and earn the points on non-gaming amenities. All of these are seeing steady progress as we go through quarter-to-quarter. And it's an increasingly important part of the business. The capital investment requirement is fairly modest. It's more around operational standards and just increasing the awareness of our MGM rewards customers and benefits associated with the program.

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

And just a few other points, Jonathan. We just have changed our platforms, which will allow us to do gamification, which we think from a loyalty perspective will help increase wallet share. And then we just announced that the Cosmopolitan and Las Vegas in February will shift to our loyalty program. So we're looking forward to the opportunities there also.

And maybe last comment. Our casino segmentation is up almost 10 points as a percentage of our mix generally. The program and all of its attributes have been a key driver in that. And so we've seen a good deal of pickup throughout the course of the last year. Even if I take out BetMGM, which is, as I've said in my prepared comments, a huge driver of new sign ups. If you take that up, I want to -- and I'll be off on the number here, but I think we have, like, 12% or 13% growth in that program. And so -- and ultimately, awareness, obviously, going from Mlive [Phonetic] to MGM rewards, the awareness of the program and what it means across the portfolio has been beneficial.

David Katz
Analyst at Jefferies Financial Group

Thank you, everyone.

Operator

And our next question will come from Barry Jonas with Truist Securities. Please go ahead.

Barry Jonas
Analyst at Truist Securities

Hey. Good afternoon. I appreciate the commentary on margins. You've previously talked about 400 basis points to 600 basis points of margin improvement on 2019 for the domestic properties. I believe you have been exceeding that. Just curious if that's still the right range, that 200 basis point range or if you think it's a little tighter now?

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

No. I'm still comfortable with that range. And I appreciate the observation. We look at it very closely, we get very specific in terms of where that margin improvement is coming from. But then again, 2019 was a long time ago. So, we're focusing on the business as it is now, but we're still comfortable with that as a benchmark.

Barry Jonas
Analyst at Truist Securities

Okay. Understood. And then just as a follow-up, you've given a lot of great color on the Marriott deal. Maybe just can you talk a little bit more about any integrations with that MGM and how you could see upside there?

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

Ultimately, it's our ability to market to their customers and then their customers having an opportunity to the do BetMGM and it's context. We have a program that I think that's going to motivate Bonvoy points for those folks ultimately. It sits independent with BetMGM today, but I think it'll be a key driver. And when you have a 180 million people aware of a product, we think it's pretty significant and interesting, and they can get rewarded in Bonvoy points and ultimately do things, both inside that organization and ultimately back within our own. So, it's a pretty straightforward deal, whether it's a fee for acquisitions for us, and then they open up the benefits programming to all of their members and our members to each other.

Barry Jonas
Analyst at Truist Securities

Perfect. Thank you so much.

Operator

And our next question will come from Carlo Santarelli with Deutsche Bank. Please go ahead.

Carlo Santarelli
Analyst at Deutsche Bank Aktiengesellschaft

Hey, guys. I was just hoping maybe if we could kind of look at the same store results in Las Vegas and maybe you guys kind of help me better understand some of the ins and outs. But, I thought if you look at the margins on the same store portfolio down 350 basis points, but still kind of within a range of what you guys talked about relative to 2019. For starters, there was no reference to hold or anything. So I wanted to ask if that was normal. And secondly, I wanted to ask with the union contracts upcoming, is there any kind of booking of potential incremental laboring reasons that took place in the quarter and might take place in the third quarter as well given the contracts ended at the end of May.

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

In terms of the margin performance year-on-year, again, it was fairly consistent with what we experienced in the second quarter in terms of margin performance in Las Vegas. But as we look on year-on-year, a lot of the differences coming from labor. As we came out of the -- came into the second quarter in 2022, we weren't yet fully staffed. And so, we were comping against a lighter labor load in the second quarter of 2022. And then it was a mixed bag of a number of small items, none of which are, I think, are worth going into. Hold was not a significant factor, and that -- those all contributed to it. But like you noted in the premise of your question, we're kind of in that margin zone that we anticipated getting to and have been now for a couple of quarters.

Carlo Santarelli
Analyst at Deutsche Bank Aktiengesellschaft

Okay. Thanks. And then just getting back to the accounting for BetMGM and obviously the EBITDA loss in the quarter given the different calendar counting. Clearly, June was a positive month based on that. July and August tend to be seasonally softer months, I would say, within the sports calendar, etc.. Is it possible that that kind of 3Q, which is generally a weaker quarter in general from an EBITDA perspective, could actually be breakeven to slightly positive prior to, obviously, what would be expected to be a stronger 4Q?

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

I mean, I'd prefer not to parse the quarters. I think you're directionally correct in terms of the relative strength of the different quarters. I think the second quarter calendar result was terrific. And we stand by that second half profitability comment.

Carlo Santarelli
Analyst at Deutsche Bank Aktiengesellschaft

Okay. And sorry. Just so I'm clear, that's obviously you guys are thinking aggregate second half as reported positive, but not necessarily each quarter positive. Is that the right way to interpret that?

Jonathan Halkyard
Chief Financial Officer at MGM Resorts International

Yes. You've got football, obviously, kicking up in the third. So the answer is, yes.

Carlo Santarelli
Analyst at Deutsche Bank Aktiengesellschaft

Yes. All right. Thank you, guys.

Operator

And our next question will come from Stephen Grambling with Morgan Stanley. Please go ahead.

Stephen Grambling
Analyst at Morgan Stanley

Hey, thanks. Maybe one more on BetMGM. I know you didn't disclose or BetMGM didn't disclose the EBITDA exactly, but from what we can tell, it looks like the margin there may be a little bit lower than one of your closest peers, but I know there's some puts and takes try to compare these things. Anything that you can call out to help investors if they try to compare and benchmark?

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

Yeah. Look, I think -- and we've said this on a prior call, and I think the great news is, we finally got single wallet in motion. I think the opportunity with Angstrom will drive more product, more parlay, more frequency, and recency around bets in game and otherwise. And those are big margin businesses. And so if you look at -- I think gross were a little over 9%. I know there's a goal to break through 10 once we get Angstrom fully deployed, which will probably come in a couple of phases through football and then post football. And so, I think if you look at the businesses that's the biggest delta between the two is the product offering and more importantly, the type of products that potentially someone like a [Indecipherable] of DraftKings will offer versus the velocity of things that we offer. We're simply going to have more high margin bets available for customers as we deploy Angstrom.

Jonathan Halkyard
Chief Financial Officer at MGM Resorts International

And Stephen, it's Jonathan. If you look at our second quarter, some of the KPIs that we called out in the earnings presentation, I mean, as leading indicators, we're very excited about them for the profitability of the business, lower customer acquisition costs, higher margin on online sports betting, increased play by our loyal known customers. And then all of our pre-2023 markets now contribution positive. I mean, all those things bode very well for improving profitability in the future.

Stephen Grambling
Analyst at Morgan Stanley

That's super helpful. And one follow-up just on kind of Bed MGM, but also the regional properties. It looks like the properties that were in the states with legalized iGaming, had a little bit of weaker gross gaming revenue than those without. Any color on how to assess cannibalization from iGaming or BetMGM specifically?

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

Well, I think in macro, it's beginning to be a slight factor, but I think if you look at it in aggregate, obviously, what's happened in a place like Michigan where it's gone almost a 100% more than brick and mortar. It's meaningful to the business and meaningful collectively. We continue to hold our market share. I don't know, Corey, recently, what it is, 48% or whatever it is?

Corey Sanders
Chief Operating Officer at MGM Resorts International

46%.

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

46%. So in totality, we think it's to our betterment and we're excited by it long term. And again, I think once we get more of this omnichannel in play, we can begin to motivate back into the property level with tournaments and other activity case that'll drive people back into brick and mortar.

Stephen Grambling
Analyst at Morgan Stanley

Makes sense. And ultimately, free cash flow margin accretive.

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

Yes. Clearly.

Stephen Grambling
Analyst at Morgan Stanley

Thank you.

Operator

And our next question will come from Dan Politzer with Wells Fargo. Please go ahead.

Daniel Politzer
Analyst at Wells Fargo & Company

Hey, good afternoon, everyone. I guess a high level one on Vegas. You've done a good job kind of laying out the near term and medium term outlook, but I guess as we look past the Super Bowl into 2024. Can you maybe highlight some of the key events that you have on the calendar or I guess where you are in terms of the group and convention pacing versus where you typically are? Yes, just any color as we kind of look further out into the demand picture would be great. Thanks.

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

[Indecipherable]

Corey Sanders
Chief Operating Officer at MGM Resorts International

Yeah. So, 2024 from a convention booking perspective looks really positive for our company, will be up about 6% in room nights. Just as a reminder, Mandalay Bay has been under remodel. So that -- that's impacted the number of convention room nights we've had in the second and third quarter here. So we have been a little bit down on the convention side which puts some pressure on the legacy properties in the midweek. But as we look at 2024, in the pace that we're seeing in where those rooms are being booked, it should make up the difference that we saw in the last few quarters.

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

And then, if you think just more macro in terms of events, events activity. The great news is we're still the net beneficiary where carriers like to bring their aircraft. I think we're sitting at a 115% or a 116% of inventory seats over where we were pre pandemic. So that's been great news. Conventions, as Corey mentioned, will pick pace. We have yet to see the full return of international business to Las Vegas, particularly from Asia. I think that'll take some place. We're excited by what we think Marietta can do from -- if not a displacement, but probably a little bit of both, a higher value customer against an occupancy creep up because we've seen what's happened to Cosmopolitan. If we stretch it across the portfolio, we think that's meaningful.

We have several bids in for several NC28 tournaments, the college championship game, the final four, frozen -- whatever they call that, final four for hockey. I think it's called frozen fury. And the programming, Legion and the opportunity it provides has proven to be highly success for whether it's a Beyonce that's coming in later this month or others. Selling out in Las Vegas is almost a gift given the nature of the activity. It's not a three hour event, it's a three day event. And so, we keep getting more than our fair share of looks at all of those things as a community. And we as individual properties, obviously, with T Mobile and our portfolio, etc.. So pretty, overall, pretty excited by all of it.

Corey Sanders
Chief Operating Officer at MGM Resorts International

And then you have the spear with you too, which, 20,000 people night has to help the entire city. I think boxing is definitely coming back. We just hosted a fight last week, and that was spectacular for us.

Daniel Politzer
Analyst at Wells Fargo & Company

Got it. Thanks for all the color. And then just pivoting to digital and BetMGM, obviously, if we look through your slides and we see the data, share has kind of edge downwards a bit, so maybe can you talk about the priorities at the JV level as it relates to growth and market share versus profitability, which obviously inflected here in the calendar 2Q?

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

It's two things. You kind of touched on both of them. Our drive to profitability, we see cohorts maturing in 24 to 36 months, particularly in sports. Hopefully, a little sooner in iGaming -- hopefully, they are maturing a little sooner than iGaming. We've seen our CPAs come down from 400s down below 300s. And so, there's active maturity there in the context of how we're marketing into whom and we're more disciplined about all of that.

And candidly, it's back what I said earlier. Our product is not where we want it to be. I think the moves that we're now making though with Entain or partner with the moves we're going to make with Angstrom as an onboarded partner for BetMGM will get us to a place where we'll be back in that game in a meaningful way and hopefully begin to gain some share back.

On the casino side, it's simply sports betters, about 30% of them migrate over to the casino. If you take that out of the equation -- if you leave that in the equation, part of the reason iGaming come down a couple of points, but we continue to dominate. We're not naive that they're not coming after us in that forum. But we continue to innovate. We've got new games going on the floor go back to the question we just had around hurting brick-and-mortar that have jackpots that extend from digital over to brick-and-mortar and vice versa. And so, we're continuing to figure out ways to tie both products together to promote both ends of the spectrum.

Daniel Politzer
Analyst at Wells Fargo & Company

Got it. Really helpful. Thanks for the color.

Operator

And our next question will come from Brandt Montour with Barclays. Please go ahead.

Brandt Montour
Analyst at Barclays

Good evening, everybody. Thanks for the question. I was wondering if in the regionals if you wanted to -- if you were able to give us a little more color on what happened in -- at the Borgata and in Detroit this quarter? And if it's fair to assume that if you adjusted for that, you would have ended up comfortably in that 32% to 33% margin range that you talked about, Jonathan?

Jonathan Halkyard
Chief Financial Officer at MGM Resorts International

Sure. Yes, at the Borgata, it was a matter of a couple of pretty significant table game events moving from June into July. And MGM Detroit, there was some issues around hold for the property in the quarter. But again, going forward, we're comfortable being in that range.

Corey Sanders
Chief Operating Officer at MGM Resorts International

Borgata was the big dragger of the margin.

Brandt Montour
Analyst at Barclays

Okay. Great. That's helpful. And then over in Macau, as you look at the markets recovery and where you guys think the recovery is coming from here, and looking at your own capacity and your own sort of expertise, can you tell us what gives you confidence that you'll be able to hold the market share gains that you've gotten and how you sort of thing that can trend from here?

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

I'll kick it off and turn it over to Hubert, who obviously lives this every day. Look, we are uniquely positioned in the way we've historically shaped for decades our marketing organization around knowing our own customers and delivering them to our properties. And obviously, now with the demise of junkets, we've seen that network go to work. And frankly, we're expanding on that network. We've opened a couple of more offices, and so that's been meaningful and helpful.

And then I think it is interesting to us that the moves that we made on the casino floor itself and the reconfigurations and the velocity in the way we offer up games and the proximity to each other, others have now begun to replicate. And so, that's real, and it may or may not take its course. But here we are -- July was yet a record month. Here we are seven months into this, and we continue to hold share, where I think you've seen almost 10,000 hotel rooms open up in the marketplace.

And so look, if there's always tomorrow, we're not overly tacky about it. But we do think we've done a good job of deploying the 200 tables we got. There's about 150 in play with 50 more to go. And I think that will help our share story as we get to the second half of the year. Hubert, anything to add? Yes. Thank you, Bill. Other than the table and floor optimization you talked about, I think that we are also looking at sales team expansion. Obviously, I think that this is going to be very important for our customer acquisition. Another thing is that, we're going to leverage our network that MGM Resorts has internationally to push the overseas market. I think that we have already made a lot of progress, and we're going to open more offices and double our head count, sales and marketing people in these areas. Other than that, I think capital projects and enhancement remain a very important element to improve our customers' experience, particularly at the premium mass side. So we are looking at -- for example, at MGM Macau side, we're going to do a renovation in the coming months and the quarters. And there are also a lot of non-gaming programs and products that we're going to either renovate or build under the re-tendering concession commitment. So there are a lot of things that we are doing and focusing on to defend our market share. Just to give you some color on the recovery, I think our July results are very strong, robust. That is showing continuous improvement on a lot of fronts and a lot of KPIs vis-a-vis second quarter. So whether it's daily GGR or mass GGR recovery rates and even EBITDA recovery rate. So we are looking at higher numbers than the second quarter. So I'm very optimistic on the balance of the year in terms of recovery and the financial results. Thank you.

Brandt Montour
Analyst at Barclays

Great. Thanks everyone for the color.

Operator

And our next question will come from Robin Farley with UBS. Please go ahead.

Robin Farley
Analyst at UBS Group

Great. Thanks. I just wanted to follow up on the Marriott agreement. It seems like a great distribution agreement. Will you describe it as a franchise agreement, which would suggest that you're paying a share of rooms revenue from -- you mentioned you expect them to fill maybe 5% to 7% of the lowest rooms. Are you paying a share of room revenues from the other 90-plus percent of rooms in the agreement? Thanks.

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

Robin, the whole agreement is basically a hybrid, given the nature of Las Vegas, given our occupancies. And so, yes, we're paying fees on some rooms, not all. And so, look, I think you long understand the nature of the story here and what we've been able to do, whether it was more of just a loyalty program. This goes a little deeper and longer, which we're excited by, but it is rewarded on performance. So the more room nights they drive and the more room nights they bring us, the better they do and ultimately, I think the better we will do. But it's a hybrid deal. It wouldn't be in the general context of how you think about our franchise agreement.

Robin Farley
Analyst at UBS Group

So not a share of revenues on the rooms that you already fill yourself, is that the way to think about it?

Jonathan Halkyard
Chief Financial Officer at MGM Resorts International

Yes. We're not going to go into the details of the agreement. We actually feel like we've been pretty transparent in terms of what we think they'll deliver, what they think they'll deliver in terms of rooms and the incremental value associated with those rooms on a net basis, but that's as far as we're going to go in terms of describing the transaction.

Robin Farley
Analyst at UBS Group

Okay. Thank you. Thanks for the color.

Operator

Our next question will come from John DeCree with CBRE. Please go ahead.

Jonathan Halkyard
Chief Financial Officer at MGM Resorts International

Good afternoon, everyone. Thanks for taking my question. In your prepared remarks, you've mentioned about the A's in the backyard for you guys. So maybe a little bit further looking, but are there potential reinvestment opportunities on the south end of the strip for your properties that might make ROI sense now that maybe didn't previously? Is there things that you're starting to consider and that you might be able to do with that potential anchor down there in your backyard?

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

John, thanks for the question. I think the answer is yes to a degree. I mean we're going to keep the velocity of capital we spend in Las Vegas when we're sitting here, particularly on that corner when we own all three properties in measure. Having said that, it's a $1.5 billion stadium. It's going to deliver hundreds of thousands of new folks. MGM is 30 years old and need some love anyways.

We're not pleased about the way it all connects right now, so we'd like to work on connectivity on that corner. We'd like to work on, particularly the front end of MGM. We think, frankly, the further you get away from the elevators, the worse the property gets not the better. And we'd like to think our front door could be enhanced and I know it can. And this will be a catalyst to that dialogue, where we go and how much time to tell. But yes, we do think there's an opportunity there.

John DeCree
Analyst at CBRE Securities

Thanks, Bill. And maybe one more also circling back to the prepared remarks. If you could provide a little bit of color. There's obviously been strength on the strip at the luxury properties that you gave us some color on. But a smaller piece of the business, perhaps a non-luxury properties, if you could give us a little color as to what you're seeing there in terms of just differential from luxury properties, if you could call it, softness and what opportunities are there? Is it economic? Is it still just that midweek occupancy that needs to come back as conventions roll in and city wide fill ups or kind of how are you thinking about those other properties that could maybe see some opportunities?

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

John, I'll take it off and turn it to Corey because he knows this more intimately. But I would say this park is enjoying its best year ever by far. And so it sits in the epicenter with T-Mobile of activity. And we see bleed over from Luxor when conventions are there. Obviously, we'll see bleed over of Luxor's caliber when sports kick -- when sports -- when football kicks back up. New York is enjoying a decent year. So it's a little bit of a mixed bag, but generally, Corey?

Corey Sanders
Chief Operating Officer at MGM Resorts International

Yes. I think, in general that there's plenty of demand to fill the properties. It just comes to the rate on midweeks. And in particular, when you look at Luxor and Excalibur, they've been impacted by Mandalay's construction going on over there. So they haven't had the flow over from those convention room nights. When there are conventions in town, we have pricing even at those -- pricing power even at those properties. But the summer has been a little bit low on the convention business, not just for us, but from what we've heard from some of our competitors, but we're still happy with the occupancy we're seeing in there.

John DeCree
Analyst at CBRE Securities

Great. Thanks so much, guys.

Operator

And our next question will come from Chad Beynon with Macquarie. Please go ahead.

Chad Beynon
Analyst at Macquarie Research

Good afternoon. Thanks for taking my questions. First, I wanted to ask about your share repurchases, $15 million in the quarter, that was the highest in four quarters. Just wondering how you're thinking about the pace of repurchases as we get through the back half of the year and then beyond? Thanks.

Jonathan Halkyard
Chief Financial Officer at MGM Resorts International

Yes. Thanks for the question. This is an important part of our capital allocation program. It has been now for over two years. We try to be consistent but also opportunistic depending upon where we see the shares as compared to our own estimated value of the company. And this quarter was aggressive, although not terribly more so than the first quarter. This will continue to be a part of our capital allocation approach and the pace will be dictated by the market as well as some of the other opportunities that we have before us.

But we do have close to $2 billion still of excess cash on the balance sheet. And one of the best we think -- our valuation right now, one of the best homes for that capital is repurchasing our own shares.

Chad Beynon
Analyst at Macquarie Research

Great. Thanks. And then I wanted to go back to Macau to Hubert. Nice to hear about the quarter and that July is trending in the right direction. We've seen that the State Council recently published a 20-point measure to potentially expand consumption in China. I think we've all been waiting for a resumption of that further out traveler or visitor, non-Guangdong to come back to the market.

So a two-part question on that. First off, do you think this could be the catalyst that gets them going? And what would be? And then secondly, do you need that customer to come back or given your results that you're showing right now, are you pretty happy with the current customers that you have in your properties? Thanks.

Hubert Wang
President and Chief Operating Officer of MGM China at MGM Resorts International

Yes. I think that's a great question. I think the stimulation package that the government instituted in China, I think it's going to be another push for the mass segment and particularly at the mid to lower end of mass. This market, frankly, I think that is so far driven by the premium mass segment. But I think the longer-term recovery of growth will be a broad spectrum -- much broader spectrum than just that, particularly with all the non-gaming programs that all the concession areas are implementing.

I think that the demand will come from -- a lot of that will come from the lower to mid-end of the mass. So I think that, again, bodes well for everybody in the market. For MGM, actually, we talk about recovery. But for us, I think we are already moving beyond recovery. We are talking about growth. So we are focusing on all segments. Of course, premium mass, given the profit footprint, etc., I think we focus on that, but a lot of programs will be supported by every segment of the mass. So I think that bodes well for us as well in the coming months and quarters for the business growth.

Chad Beynon
Analyst at Macquarie Research

Thank you very much. Appreciate it.

Operator

Ladies gentlemen, this concludes our question-and-answer session. I'd like to turn the conference back over to Bill Hornbuckle for any closing remarks.

William Hornbuckle
Chief Executive Officer and President at MGM Resorts International

Thank you, operator. Just quickly, before you all go, look, I think you've heard, we continue to have a really strong top line story in Las Vegas. It's led by event activity, it's led by luxury, which we -- again, to Jonathan's comment, 80% of our earnings are coming from the luxury segment and sector. You heard us talk about Marriott think about what we just did. We've just partnered with the world's largest hospitality organization and with 180 million members directly tied to our programs and ultimately to our properties.

BetMGM is now at an inflection point. You heard us talk about margin retention and margin stabilization going forward. I think we're at the numbers we should and want to be both in Las Vegas and regional, and we'll continue to work towards that end. You heard about our balance sheet being in great shape and the value that it presents to shareholders, particularly given the trading multiple that we're at remains very opportunistic in our view, but it sits there loud and clear. So for that, I thank you for all your support and have a great evening.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

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