RWS Holdings plc engages in the translation, intellectual property (IP) support, life sciences language, and localization businesses. The company operates through four segments: Patent Translation & Filing, Patent Information, Life Sciences, and Language Solutions. The Patent Translation & Filing segment undertakes patent translation and filing services of patent activities, as well as IP translations for litigation and information purposes, including prior-art documents, office actions, opposition proceedings and correspondence, and written opinions of international searching authorities. The Patent Information segment provides solutions to assist strategic decision-making across the intellectual property (IP) lifecycle. The Life Sciences segment offers a full suite of language services, including language solutions for clinical trial management; linguistic validation of clinical outcomes assessments; and regulatory affairs expertise, medical device documentation, and marketing and communications services, as well as e-learning and training programs for the life sciences industry. The Language Solutions segment provides translation and interpreting services in various sectors, such as automotive, chemical, defense, energy, engineering, finance, insurance, legal, and manufacturing sectors. This segment also offers terminology and professional services. It primarily operates in the United Kingdom, the United States, Continental Europe, Asia, and Australia. RWS Holdings plc was founded in 1958 and is headquartered in Chalfont St Peter, the United Kingdom.