TAL Education Group Company Profile (NYSE:TAL)

About TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL)

TAL Education Group logoTAL Education Group is a holding company for a group of companies engaged in provision of after-school tutoring programs for primary and secondary school students in the People's Republic of China (the PRC). The Company is a K-12 after-school tutoring services provider in China. The Company's Xueersi Peiyou small classes course consists of approximately four semesters, which include approximately two school semesters in Spring and Fall, and approximately two holiday semesters in summer and winter. It operates a Website, www.jzb.com, which is an online education platform in China. It offers personalized premium services under its Zhikang brand. It offers online courses through www.xueersi.com. Through www.xueersi.com, the Company offers online courses on mathematics, English, Chinese, physics, chemistry, biology and other subjects. It also offers select online courses through other Websites. The Company has over 10 call centers in Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Guangzhou and Shenzhen.

Industry, Sector and Symbol:
  • Sector: Consumer Discretionary
  • Industry: General Education Services
  • Sub-Industry: N/A
  • Symbol: NYSE:TAL
  • CUSIP: N/A
  • Web: www.100tal.com
  • Market Cap: $9.84 billion
  • Outstanding Shares: 81,720,000
Average Prices:
  • 50 Day Moving Avg: $122.10
  • 200 Day Moving Avg: $96.93
  • 52 Week Range: $54.97 - $134.00
  • Trailing P/E Ratio: 92.14
  • Foreward P/E Ratio: 38.10
  • P/E Growth: 1.83
Sales & Book Value:
  • Annual Revenue: $1.04 billion
  • Price / Sales: 9.46
  • Book Value: $7.86 per share
  • Price / Book: 15.32
  • EBIDTA: $153.78 million
  • Net Margins: 11.00%
  • Return on Equity: 18.24%
  • Return on Assets: 7.01%
  • Debt-to-Equity Ratio: 0.66%
  • Current Ratio: 1.30%
  • Quick Ratio: 1.30%
  • Average Volume: 693,677 shs.
  • Beta: 0.13
  • Short Ratio: 3.29

Frequently Asked Questions for TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL)

What is TAL Education Group's stock symbol?

TAL Education Group trades on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) under the ticker symbol "TAL."

How often does TAL Education Group pay dividends? What is the dividend yield for TAL Education Group?

TAL Education Group announced a special dividend on Friday, April 28th. Stockholders of record on Thursday, May 11th will be paid a dividend of $0.50 per share on Thursday, May 25th. The ex-dividend date of this dividend is Tuesday, May 9th. View TAL Education Group's Dividend History.

How were TAL Education Group's earnings last quarter?

TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL) released its quarterly earnings data on Thursday, April, 27th. The company reported $0.36 earnings per share for the quarter, beating analysts' consensus estimates of $0.27 by $0.09. The company earned $316.30 million during the quarter, compared to the consensus estimate of $288.53 million. TAL Education Group had a net margin of 11.00% and a return on equity of 18.24%. The firm's quarterly revenue was up 80.7% on a year-over-year basis. View TAL Education Group's Earnings History.

When will TAL Education Group make its next earnings announcement?

TAL Education Group is scheduled to release their next quarterly earnings announcement on Monday, July, 24th 2017. View Earnings Estimates for TAL Education Group.

Where is TAL Education Group's stock going? Where will TAL Education Group's stock price be in 2017?

9 brokerages have issued 1-year price objectives for TAL Education Group's shares. Their predictions range from $62.00 to $137.00. On average, they expect TAL Education Group's stock price to reach $95.79 in the next year. View Analyst Ratings for TAL Education Group.

Who are some of TAL Education Group's key competitors?

Who are TAL Education Group's key executives?

TAL Education Group's management team includes the folowing people:

  • Bangxin Zhang, Chairman of the Board of directors, Chief Executive Officer
  • Rong Luo, Chief Financial Officer
  • Yunfeng Bai, Senior Vice President
  • Yachao Liu Ph.D., Director
  • Kaifu Zhang, Director
  • Weiru Chen, Independent Director
  • Jie Sun, Independent Director

Who owns TAL Education Group stock?

TAL Education Group's stock is owned by a number of of retail and institutional investors. Top institutional shareholders include Causeway Capital Management LLC (0.04%). View Institutional Ownership Trends for TAL Education Group.

Who sold TAL Education Group stock? Who is selling TAL Education Group stock?

TAL Education Group's stock was sold by a variety of institutional investors in the last quarter, including Causeway Capital Management LLC. View Insider Buying and Selling for TAL Education Group.

How do I buy TAL Education Group stock?

Shares of TAL Education Group can be purchased through any online brokerage account. Popular online brokerages include Vanguard Brokerage Services, TD Ameritrade, E*TRADE, Scottrade, Fidelity and Charles Schwab.

What is TAL Education Group's stock price today?

One share of TAL Education Group stock can currently be purchased for approximately $120.40.

MarketBeat Community Rating for TAL Education Group (NYSE TAL)
Community Ranking:  2.2 out of 5 ( )
Outperform Votes:  213 (Vote Outperform)
Underperform Votes:  266 (Vote Underperform)
Total Votes:  479
MarketBeat's community ratings are surveys of what our community members think about TAL Education Group and other stocks. Vote "Outperform" if you believe the stock will outperform the S&P 500 over the long term. Vote "Underperform" if you believe the stock will underperform the S&P 500 over the long term. You may vote once every thirty days.

Analyst Ratings

Consensus Ratings for TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL) (How are Consensus Ratings Calculated?)
Ratings Breakdown: 1 Hold Rating, 8 Buy Ratings
Consensus Rating:Buy (Score: 2.89)
Consensus Price Target: $95.79 (20.44% downside)

Analysts' Ratings History for TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL)
DateFirmActionRatingPrice TargetImpact on Share PriceDetails
5/16/2017Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. (The)DowngradeBuy -> Neutral$133.00HighView Rating Details
4/27/2017Benchmark Co.Boost Price TargetBuy -> Buy$137.00LowView Rating Details
4/18/2017Jefferies Group LLCReiterated RatingBuyLowView Rating Details
3/28/2017JPMorgan Chase & Co.Reiterated RatingBuy$123.00LowView Rating Details
1/24/2017Bank of America CorporationInitiated CoverageBuyN/AView Rating Details
10/28/2016Credit Suisse GroupUpgradeNeutral -> OutperformN/AView Rating Details
10/21/2016T.H. CapitalBoost Price TargetBuy$75.00 -> $79.00N/AView Rating Details
10/10/2016Daiwa Capital MarketsInitiated CoverageBuyN/AView Rating Details
9/6/2016Brean CapitalReiterated RatingBuyN/AView Rating Details
4/28/2016Cowen and CompanyReiterated RatingMarket Perform$12.00 -> $17.00N/AView Rating Details
4/14/2016Morgan StanleyInitiated CoverageOverweight$58.00N/AView Rating Details
3/28/2016Oppenheimer Holdings, Inc.Boost Price TargetOutperform$25.00 -> $28.00N/AView Rating Details
2/29/2016Keefe, Bruyette & WoodsLower Price TargetMarket Perform$14.00 -> $12.00N/AView Rating Details
12/4/2015NomuraBoost Price TargetBuy$43.50 -> $55.00N/AView Rating Details
8/5/2015MacquarieDowngradeNeutral -> Underperform$20.00N/AView Rating Details
7/31/2015Royal Bank Of CanadaLower Price TargetSector Perform$39.00 -> $23.00N/AView Rating Details
(Data available from 6/26/2015 forward)


Earnings History for TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL)
Earnings by Quarter for TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL)
Earnings History by Quarter for TAL Education Group (NYSE TAL)
DateQuarterConsensus EstimateActual EPSRevenue EstimateActual RevenueRelease LinkConference CallDetails
4/27/20172/28/2017$0.27$0.36$288.53 million$316.30 millionViewN/AView Earnings Details
1/19/2017Q216$0.22$0.26$230.17 million$260.60 millionViewN/AView Earnings Details
10/27/2016Q217$0.53$0.70$250.52 million$271.10 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
7/26/2016Q117$0.29$0.25$184.06 million$195.10 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
4/27/2016Q116$0.48$0.44$145.00 million$149.22 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
5/3/2016Q416$0.26$0.23$169.71 million$175.00 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
2/24/2016Q415$0.63$0.79$161.61 million$153.80 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
1/27/2016Q316$0.15$0.19$136.87 million$142.20 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
10/28/2015Q315$0.77$0.71$160.98 million$154.43 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
10/22/2015Q216$0.38$0.78$162.53 million$173.30 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
7/29/2015Q2$0.84$0.80$160.23 million$150.80 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
7/23/2015Q116$0.22$0.23$122.20 million$129.40 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
4/29/2015Q115$0.88$0.79$157.20 million$149.00 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
5/1/2015Q415$0.21$0.23$117.78 million$123.20 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
2/11/2015Q414$0.96$0.97$167.50 million$154.00 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
1/22/2015Q315$0.17$0.13$97.66 million$99.40 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
10/22/2014Q314$0.96$0.96$162.70 million$150.50 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
10/21/2014Q215$0.36$0.39$99.40 million$122.40 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
7/21/2014Q115$0.17$0.22$86.90 million$89.00 millionViewN/AView Earnings Details
7/23/2014Q214$0.96$0.95$160.80 million$144.72 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
4/22/2014Q414$0.17$0.24$85.42 million$87.00 millionViewN/AView Earnings Details
4/23/2014Q114$0.96$0.92$155.89 million$157.30 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
2/13/2014Q413$1.01$0.99$157.73 million$156.40 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
1/22/2014Q314$0.11$0.19$70.75 million$73.50 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
10/24/2013Q313$1.10$1.03$165.95 million$158.40 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
10/22/2013Q214$0.29$0.32$90.12 million$92.00 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
7/24/2013Q2 2013$1.07$1.66$157.32 million$139.50 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
7/22/2013Q1 2014$0.07$0.13$58.52 million$61.40 millionViewN/AView Earnings Details
4/24/2013Q1 2013$1.05$1.05$153.12 million$156.08 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
4/23/2013Q4 2013$0.10$0.09$59.35 million$59.60 millionViewN/AView Earnings Details
2/13/2013Q4 2012$0.95$1.04$152.85 million$151.80 millionViewListenView Earnings Details
1/22/2013Q3 2013$0.04$0.10$49.35 million$48.90 millionViewN/AView Earnings Details
10/24/2012Q312$1.03$0.95$149.15 million$149.02 millionViewN/AView Earnings Details
10/23/2012$0.16$0.23ViewN/AView Earnings Details
7/25/2012$0.98$1.00ViewN/AView Earnings Details
7/24/2012$0.05$0.06ViewN/AView Earnings Details
4/26/2012$0.99$0.92ViewN/AView Earnings Details
4/25/2012$0.07$0.10ViewN/AView Earnings Details
2/13/2012$0.99$1.07ViewN/AView Earnings Details
1/19/2012$0.01$0.06ViewN/AView Earnings Details
10/26/2011$0.91$1.01ViewN/AView Earnings Details
10/25/2011$0.13$0.17ViewN/AView Earnings Details
7/27/2011$0.86$0.99ViewN/AView Earnings Details
4/27/2011$0.78$0.89ViewN/AView Earnings Details
4/28/2011$0.08$0.11ViewN/AView Earnings Details
2/9/2011$0.63$0.76ViewN/AView Earnings Details
1/25/2011$0.04$0.06ViewN/AView Earnings Details
(Data available from 1/1/2011 forward)


Earnings Estimates for TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL)
2017 EPS Consensus Estimate: $3.28
QuarterNumber of EstimatesLow EstimateHigh EstimateAverage Estimate
Q1 20171$0.71$0.71$0.71
Q2 20171$0.80$0.80$0.80
Q3 20171$0.95$0.95$0.95
Q4 20171$0.82$0.82$0.82
(Data provided by Zacks Investment Research)


Current Dividend Information for TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL)
Most Recent Dividend:5/25/2017
Dividend Yield:0.00%
Dividend Growth:-18.70% (3 Year Average)
Payout Ratio:0.00% (Trailing 12 Months of Earnings)
0.00% (Based on This Year's Estimates)
0.00% (Based on Next Year's Estimates)
Dividend Payments by Quarter for TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL)

Dividend History by Quarter for TAL Education Group (NYSE TAL)
AnnouncedPeriodAmountYieldEx-Dividend DateRecord DatePayable Date
(Data available from 1/1/2013 forward)

Insider Trades

Insider Trading and Institutional Ownership History for TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL)
Institutional Ownership Percentage: 57.45%
Insider Trades by Quarter for TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL)
Institutional Ownership by Quarter for TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL)
Insider Trades by Quarter for TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL)
Transaction DateInsider NameTitleBuy/SellNumber of SharesAverage Share PriceTotal TransactionDetails
1/5/2015Kevin ValentineSVPSell2,250$42.66$95,985.00View SEC Filing  
8/22/2014Adrian DunnerSVPSell8,000$45.10$360,800.00View SEC Filing  
8/7/2014Marc PearlinVPSell1,500$42.97$64,455.00View SEC Filing  
7/15/2014Marc PearlinVPSell1,500$44.98$67,470.00View SEC Filing  
5/15/2014Claude GermainDirectorSell1,500$42.02$63,030.00View SEC Filing  
5/1/2014Marc PearlinVPSell1,000$42.15$42,150.00View SEC Filing  
4/1/2014Marc PearlinVPSell3,000$42.83$128,490.00View SEC Filing  
3/6/2014Brian SondeyCEOSell10,400$45.04$468,416.00View SEC Filing  
3/5/2014Brian SondeyCEOSell64,600$43.62$2,817,852.00View SEC Filing  
2/4/2014Marc PearlinVPSell2,000$42.09$84,180.00View SEC Filing  
1/8/2014Marc PearlinVPSell2,000$53.00$106,000.00View SEC Filing  
1/6/2014Kevin ValentineSVPSell5,500$55.23$303,765.00View SEC Filing  
12/13/2013John BurnsCFOSell7,793$51.11$398,300.23View SEC Filing  
11/22/2013Adrian DunnerSVPSell5,000$53.65$268,250.00View SEC Filing  
11/12/2013Adrian DunnerSVPSell5,000$53.05$265,250.00View SEC Filing  
11/12/2013Frederic LindebergDirectorSell1,500$53.02$79,530.00View SEC Filing  
9/20/2013Adrian DunnerSVPSell5,000$47.58$237,900.00View SEC Filing  
9/16/2013Adrian DunnerSVPSell2,500$46.12$115,300.00View SEC Filing  
9/13/2013Frederic LindebergDirectorSell2,000$45.28$90,560.00View SEC Filing  
9/12/2013Frederic H LindebergDirectorSell3,000$45.15$135,450.00View SEC Filing  
9/4/2013Claude GermainDirectorSell3,000$42.83$128,490.00View SEC Filing  
8/1/2013Marc PearlinVPSell2,800$40.63$113,764.00View SEC Filing  
7/1/2013Marc PearlinVPSell2,766$43.59$120,569.94View SEC Filing  
5/21/2013Frederic H LindebergDirectorSell2,000$43.58$87,160.00View SEC Filing  
1/17/2013Kevin ValentineSVPSell1,500$40.00$60,000.00View SEC Filing  
(Data available from 1/1/2013 forward)


Headline Trends for TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL)
Latest Headlines for TAL Education Group (NYSE:TAL)
seekingalpha.com logoPRO Weekly Digest: Adapting To Constantly Evolving Markets With Volte-Face Investments
seekingalpha.com - June 25 at 9:47 PM
seekingalpha.com logoTAL Education: Schooling Everyone - Seeking Alpha
seekingalpha.com - June 20 at 8:22 AM
americanbankingnews.com logoCritical Survey: TAL Education Group (TAL) versus Adtalem Global Education (ATGE)
www.americanbankingnews.com - June 17 at 10:26 PM
americanbankingnews.com logoTAL Education Group (TAL) Receives Average Recommendation of "Buy" from Brokerages
www.americanbankingnews.com - June 13 at 6:42 PM
americanbankingnews.com logo$0.16 Earnings Per Share Expected for TAL Education Group (TAL) This Quarter
www.americanbankingnews.com - June 2 at 12:36 PM
seekingalpha.com logoTAL Education Group Thrives In China K-12 - Seeking Alpha
seekingalpha.com - June 2 at 1:27 AM
nasdaq.com logoEZU, RFEM: Big ETF Inflows
www.nasdaq.com - May 30 at 7:45 PM
seekingalpha.com logoBright Scholar Education: Serious Regulatory Risks Despite Strong Growth
seekingalpha.com - May 24 at 9:02 AM
nasdaq.com logoChase Coleman Buys Apollo Global Management LLC, TransDigm Group Inc, Domino's Pizza Inc, Sells ...
www.nasdaq.com - May 20 at 7:40 PM
americanbankingnews.com logoTAL Education Group (TAL) Receives Consensus Rating of "Buy" from Analysts
www.americanbankingnews.com - May 19 at 7:30 PM
reuters.com logoBRIEF-Tal Education Group updates on put right offer - Reuters
www.reuters.com - May 17 at 11:02 AM
americanbankingnews.com logoTAL Education Group (TAL) Lowered to Neutral at Goldman Sachs Group Inc
www.americanbankingnews.com - May 16 at 8:32 AM
reuters.com logoBRIEF-Tal Education Group updates on put right offer
www.reuters.com - May 15 at 9:03 AM
finance.yahoo.com logoTAL Education Group Announces Completion of the Put Right Offer for Its 2.50% Convertible Senior Notes due 2019
finance.yahoo.com - May 15 at 9:03 AM
finance.yahoo.com logoZacks.com featured highlights: MOMO, HEICO, TAL Education Group, Chegg and Varian Medical Systems
finance.yahoo.com - May 10 at 10:27 AM
americanbankingnews.com logoTAL Education Group (TAL) Expected to Announce Earnings of $0.16 Per Share
www.americanbankingnews.com - May 9 at 9:25 AM
americanbankingnews.com logoFY2018 EPS Estimates for TAL Education Group (TAL) Reduced by Analyst
www.americanbankingnews.com - May 1 at 1:06 PM
americanbankingnews.com logoTAL Education Group (TAL) Given News Impact Score of 0.48
www.americanbankingnews.com - May 1 at 12:14 PM
seekingalpha.com logoTAL Education (TAL) Q1 2017 Results - Earnings Call Transcript - Seeking Alpha
seekingalpha.com - April 30 at 3:42 PM
americanbankingnews.com logoTAL Education Group (TAL) Plans $0.50 Special Dividend
www.americanbankingnews.com - April 28 at 11:54 PM
americanbankingnews.com logoTAL Education Group (TAL) Posts Earnings Results, Beats Expectations By $0.09 EPS
www.americanbankingnews.com - April 28 at 9:06 PM
americanbankingnews.com logoTAL Education Group (TAL) Issues Quarterly Earnings Results
www.americanbankingnews.com - April 28 at 7:44 PM
finance.yahoo.com logoEdited Transcript of TAL earnings conference call or presentation 27-Apr-17 12:00pm GMT
finance.yahoo.com - April 28 at 3:55 PM
americanbankingnews.com logoSomewhat Critical Media Coverage Very Likely to Affect TAL Education Group (TAL) Stock Price
www.americanbankingnews.com - April 28 at 3:01 PM
finance.yahoo.com logoTAL Education Upgraded on Strong 4Q Earnings
finance.yahoo.com - April 28 at 1:56 AM
finance.yahoo.com logoETFs with exposure to TAL Education Group : April 27, 2017
finance.yahoo.com - April 27 at 8:54 PM
americanbankingnews.com logoBenchmark Co. Increases TAL Education Group (TAL) Price Target to $137.00
www.americanbankingnews.com - April 27 at 4:54 PM
prnewswire.com logoTAL Education Group Announces Unaudited Financial Results for the Fourth Fiscal Quarter and the - PR Newswire (press release)
www.prnewswire.com - April 27 at 7:02 AM
finance.yahoo.com logoTAL Education Group Announces Unaudited Financial Results for the Fourth Fiscal Quarter and the Fiscal Year 2017 and Declares a Special Cash Dividend
finance.yahoo.com - April 27 at 7:02 AM
finance.yahoo.com logoTAL Education posts 4Q profit
finance.yahoo.com - April 27 at 7:02 AM
zacks.com logoNew Oriental (EDU) Jumps: Stock Moves Up 6.5% in Session
www.zacks.com - April 26 at 4:33 PM
americanbankingnews.com logoTAL Education Group (TAL) Earns Daily News Impact Rating of 0.09
www.americanbankingnews.com - April 25 at 6:32 PM
americanbankingnews.com logoTAL Education Group (TAL) Receives Average Rating of "Buy" from Brokerages
www.americanbankingnews.com - April 24 at 8:00 PM
americanbankingnews.com logoTAL Education Group (TAL) Given Daily Media Impact Score of 0.37
www.americanbankingnews.com - April 21 at 10:28 PM
finance.yahoo.com logoChina's Education Stocks Brush Off Cram School Crackdown
finance.yahoo.com - April 21 at 1:51 AM
americanbankingnews.com logoTAL Education Group (TAL) Receiving Favorable Press Coverage, Report Finds
www.americanbankingnews.com - April 18 at 3:24 PM
prnewswire.com logoTAL Education Group Announces Put Right Notification for 2.50 ... - PR Newswire (press release)
www.prnewswire.com - April 13 at 8:11 AM
finance.yahoo.com logoTAL Education Group Announces Put Right Notification for 2.50% Convertible Senior Notes due 2019
finance.yahoo.com - April 13 at 8:11 AM
americanbankingnews.com logoTAL Education Group (TAL) Given Consensus Rating of "Buy" by Brokerages
www.americanbankingnews.com - March 29 at 12:54 PM
americanbankingnews.com logoTAL Education Group (TAL) Stock Rating Lowered by Zacks Investment Research
www.americanbankingnews.com - March 29 at 10:44 AM
americanbankingnews.com logoJPMorgan Chase & Co. Analysts Give TAL Education Group (TAL) a $123.00 Price Target
www.americanbankingnews.com - March 28 at 10:33 PM
finance.yahoo.com logoTAL Education Group to Announce Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2017 Financial Results on April 27, 2017
finance.yahoo.com - March 24 at 8:04 PM
finance.yahoo.com logoWill TAL Education (TAL) Continue to Surge Higher?
finance.yahoo.com - March 24 at 8:04 PM
forbes.com logo"Crazy" Entrepreneur Thrives As Private Education Makes Inroads In China
www.forbes.com - March 20 at 8:45 AM
nasdaq.com logoEEMV, BAP, TAL, EDU: Large Outflows Detected at ETF - Nasdaq
www.nasdaq.com - March 11 at 6:03 AM
forbes.com logoGrowth In China's Private Education Spending Fuels IPO, Fortune
www.forbes.com - February 28 at 11:39 AM
nasdaq.com logoGreenwoods Asset Management Ltd Buys TAL Education Group, Momo, Weibo, Sells SINA, Ctrip. ... - Nasdaq
www.nasdaq.com - February 15 at 6:22 AM
bizjournals.com logoGlobal Private Tutoring Industry
www.bizjournals.com - February 11 at 4:38 AM
prnewswire.com logoHow These Rental & Leasing Services Stocks are Faring? -- Red ... - PR Newswire (press release)
www.prnewswire.com - January 28 at 9:15 PM
nasdaq.com logoBARING ASSET MANAGEMENT Ltd Buys Alibaba Group Holding Ltd, Schlumberger Ltd, Itau Unibanco ...
www.nasdaq.com - January 28 at 6:50 AM



TAL Education Group (TAL) Chart for Monday, June, 26, 2017

This page was last updated on 6/26/2017 by MarketBeat.com Staff