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Autodesk Q3 2023 Earnings Call Transcript


Listen to Conference Call

Participants

Corporate Executives

  • Simon Mays-Smith
    Vice President of Investor Relations
  • Andrew Anagnost
    President, Chief Executive Officer and Board Director
  • Debbie Clifford
    Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Analysts

Presentation

Operator

Thank you for standing by, and welcome to Autodesk's Third Quarter Fiscal Year 2024 Earnings Conference Call. [Operator Instructions]

I would now like to hand the call over to VP of Investor Relations, Simon Mays-Smith. Please go ahead.

Simon Mays-Smith
Vice President of Investor Relations at Autodesk

Thanks, operator, and good afternoon. Thank you for joining our conference call to discuss the third quarter results of Autodesk's fiscal '24.

On the line with me are Andrew Anagnost, our CEO; and Debbie Clifford, our CFO.

Today's conference call is being broadcast live via webcast. In addition, a replay of the call will be available at autodesk.com/investor. Following this call, you can find the earnings press release, slide presentation and transcript of today's opening commentary on our Investor Relations website.

During this call, we may make forward-looking statements about our outlook, future results and related assumptions, products and product capabilities, business models and strategies. These statements reflect our best judgment based on currently known factors. Actual events or results could differ materially. Please refer to our SEC filings, including our most recent Form 10-Q and the Form 8-K filed with today's press release, for important risks and other factors that may cause our actual results to differ from those in our forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements made during the call are being made as of today. If this call is replayed or reviewed after today, the information presented during the call may not contain current or accurate information. Autodesk disclaims any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements.

We will quote several numeric or growth changes during this call as we discuss our financial performance. Unless otherwise noted, each such reference represents a year-on-year comparison. All non-GAAP numbers referenced in today's call are reconciled in our press release or Excel financials and other supplemental materials are available on our Investor Relations website.

And now I will turn the call over to Andrew.

Andrew Anagnost
President, Chief Executive Officer and Board Director at Autodesk

Thank you, Simon, and welcome, everyone, to the call.

Resilience, discipline and opportunity again underpinned Autodesk's strong financial and competitive performance despite continued macroeconomic policy and geopolitical headwinds. Renewal rates have remained strong and new business trends have been largely consistent for many quarters. Our subscription business model and our product and customer diversification enable that. It means that accelerating growth in Canada has balanced decelerating growth in the United Kingdom; that growing momentum in construction has balanced deteriorating momentum in media and entertainment; and that strength from our enterprise and smaller customers has balanced softness from medium-sized customers. Our leading indicators remain consistent with last quarter, with growing usage, record bid activity on BuildingConnected and cautious optimism from channel partners.

Disciplined and focused execution and strategic deployment of capital through the economic cycle enables Autodesk to realize the significant benefits of its strategy while mitigating the risk of having to make expensive catch-up investments later. As Steve said at Investor Day, we introduced a new transaction model for Flex, which gives Autodesk a more direct relationship with its customers and more closely integrates with its channel partners. We began testing the new transaction model across our product suite in Australia a couple of weeks ago. Assuming the launch proceeds as expected, in fiscal '25 and '26, we intend to transition our indirect business to the new transaction model in all our major markets globally. In the new transaction model, partners provide a quote to customers but the actual transaction happens directly between Autodesk and the customer. The new transaction model is an important step on our path to integrate more closely with our customers' workflows, enabled by, among other things, Autodesk Platform Services and our industry clouds: Fusion, Forma and Flow. Autodesk, its customers and partners will be able to build more valuable, data-driven and connected products and services in our industry clouds and on our platform.

The new transaction model is consequential. Many of you will have seen other companies adopting agency models and will already understand the math. In the near term, the new transaction model results in a shift from contra revenue to operating costs that provide a tailwind to revenue growth, while being broadly neutral to operating profit and free cash flow dollars, and mechanically result in percent operating margins taking a step or two backwards. Over the long term, optimization enabled by this transition will provide a tailwind to revenue, operating income and free cash flow dollars, even after the cost of setting up our building platform.

And finally, there is opportunity from developing next-generation technologies and services that deliver end-to-end digital transformation of our Design and Make customers, and enable a better world designed and made for all. I was at Autodesk University last week, alongside more than 10,000 attendees, where we announced Autodesk AI, technology we've been working on, and investing in, for years. We showed how our Design and Make platform will automate non-creative work, help customers analyze their data and surface insights and augment their work to make them more agile and creative. But there is no AI without actionable data. And that's why we're also investing in Autodesk Platform Services which are accessible, extensible and open via our APIs.

Autodesk Platform Services offers several critical capabilities, but data services are the most impactful. These provide the tools that make data actionable. And at the core of our data services is the Autodesk Data Model. Think of the Autodesk Data Model as the knowledge graph that gives customers access to the design, make and project data in granular, bite-sized chunks. The data chunks are the building blocks of new automation, analysis and augmentation that will enable our customers and partners to build more valuable, data-driven and connected products and services.

Autodesk remains relentlessly curious with a propensity and desire to evolve and innovate. Time and again, well-executed transformation, from desktop to cloud, from perpetual license and maintenance to subscription, has added new growth vectors, built a more diverse and resilient business, forged broader trusted and more durable partnerships with more customers, and given Autodesk a longer run rate of growth and free cash flow generation. With our transformation from files to data and outcomes, from upfront to annual billings and from indirect to direct go-to-market motions, we are building an even brighter future with focus, purpose and optimism.

Our customers are also committed to transformation, and Autodesk is deploying automation to increase their success in an environment with ongoing headwinds from material scarcity, labor shortages and supply chain disruption. That commitment was reflected in Autodesk's largest-ever EBA signed during the quarter and record contributions from our construction and water verticals to our overall EBA performance.

I will now turn the call over to Debbie to take you through our quarterly financial performance and guidance for the year. I'll then come back to update you on our strategic growth initiatives.

Debbie Clifford
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer at Autodesk

Thanks, Andrew.

Overall market conditions and the underlying momentum of the business remained similar to the last few quarters. Our financial performance in the third quarter was strong, particularly from our EBA cohorts where incremental true-up and upfront revenue from a handful of large customers drove upside. As expected, the co-termed deal we called out in our Q1 results renewed in the third quarter with a significant uplift in deal size.

Total revenue grew 10% and 13% in constant currency. By product in constant currency: AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT revenue grew 7%; AEC revenue grew 20%; manufacturing revenue grew 9%, and in double digits excluding variances in upfront revenue; and M&E revenue was down 4%, and up high-single-digits percent excluding variances in upfront revenue. By region in constant currency: revenue grew 19% in the Americas; 11% in EMEA; and 3% in APAC, which still reflects the impact of last year's COVID lockdown in China. Direct revenue increased 19% and represented 38% of total revenue, up 3 percentage points from last year, benefiting from strong growth in both EBAs and the eStore. Net revenue retention rate remained within the 100% to 110% range at constant exchange rates.

The transition from upfront to annual billings for multiyear contracts is proceeding broadly as expected. We had the second full quarter impact in our third fiscal quarter, which resulted in billings declining 11%. Total deferred revenue increased 6% to $4 billion. Total RPO of $5.2 billion and current RPO of $3.5 billion both grew 12%. Excluding the tailwind from our largest ever EBA, total RPO growth decelerated modestly in Q3, as expected, when compared to Q2, mostly due to the lower mix of multiyear contracts in fiscal '24 when compared to fiscal '23.

Turning to the P&L. Non-GAAP gross margin remained broadly level at 93%. GAAP and non-GAAP operating margin increased, driven by revenue growth and continued cost discipline. I'd also note that costs associated with Autodesk University have shifted from the third quarter last year to the fourth quarter this year due to the timing of the event.

Free cash flow was $13 million in the third quarter, primarily limited by the transition from upfront to annual billings for multiyear contracts and the payment of federal taxes we discussed earlier this year.

Turning to capital allocation. We continue to actively manage capital within our framework. Our strategy is underpinned by disciplined and focused capital deployment through the economic cycle. We remain vigilant during this period of macroeconomic uncertainty. As you heard from Andrew, we continue to invest organically and through acquisitions in our capabilities and services, and the cloud and platform services that underpin them.

We purchased approximately 500,000 shares for $112 million, at an average price of approximately $206 per share. We will continue to offset dilution from our stock-based compensation program to opportunistically accelerate repurchases when it makes sense to do so.

Now let me finish with guidance. The overall headline is that our end markets and competitive performance are at the better end of the range of possible outcomes we modeled at the beginning of the year. This means the business is generally trending towards the higher end of our expectations. Incrementally, FX and co-terming have been slightly more of a headwind to billings than we expected. EBA expansions have been slightly more of a tailwind to revenue. And interest income has been slightly more of a tailwind to earnings per share and free cash flow. Against this backdrop, we are keeping our billings guidance constant while raising our revenue, earnings per share and free cash flow guidance.

I'd like to summarize the key factors we've highlighted so far this year. The comments I've made in previous quarters regarding the fiscal 2024 EBA cohort, foreign exchange movements and the impact of the switch from upfront annual billings for most multiyear customers are still applicable. We again saw some evidence of multiyear customers switching to annual contracts during the third quarter, as you'd expect, given the removal of the upfront discount. We're keeping an eye on it as we enter our significant fourth quarter.

All else equal, if customers switch to annual contracts, it would proportionately reduce the unbilled portion of our total remaining performance obligations and negatively impact total RPO growth rates. Deferred revenue, billings, current remaining performance obligations, revenue, margins and free cash flow would remain broadly unchanged. Annual renewals create more opportunities for us to drive adoption and upsell and are without the price lock embedded in multiyear contracts.

Putting that all together, we now expect fiscal '24 revenue to be between $5.45 billion and $5.47 billion. We expect non-GAAP operating margins to be similar to fiscal '23 levels, with constant currency margin improvement, offset by FX headwinds. We expect free cash flow to be between $1.2 billion and $1.26 billion. To reflect higher revenue guidance, we're increasing the guidance range for non-GAAP earnings per share to be between $7.43 and $7.49. Our billings guidance remains unchanged given incremental foreign exchange headwinds and the potential for further EBA co-terming in the fourth quarter.

The slide deck on our website has more details on modeling assumptions for Q4 and full year fiscal '24. We continue to manage our business using a Rule of 40 framework with a goal of reaching 45% or more over time. We think this balance between compounding growth and strong free cash flow margins captured in the Rule of 40 framework is the hallmark of the most valuable companies in the world, and we intend to remain one of them. As we've been saying all year, the path to 45% will not be linear. We've talked about all of the factors behind that over the last three quarters, and I think it's useful to put them all in one place here particularly as we look into fiscal '25 and '26.

First, the macroeconomic drag on new subscriber growth, a smaller EBA renewal cohort with less upfront revenue mix and the absence of EBA true-up payments are headwinds to revenue growth in fiscal '25. Slightly offsetting that, we expect our new transaction model, which Andrew discussed earlier, to be a tailwind to revenue growth in fiscal '25 and beyond. Assuming no material change in the macroeconomic, geopolitical or policy environment, we'd expect fiscal '25 revenue growth to be about 9% or more. In other words, at least around the same or more growth as we are now expecting in fiscal '24.

And second, the transition to annual billings means that about $200 million of free cash flow in Q1 fiscal '24 that came from multiyear contracts built upfront will not recur in fiscal '25. This will reduce reported free cash flow growth in fiscal '25 and make underlying comparisons between the two years harder. If you adjust fiscal '24 free cash flow down by $200 million to make it more comparable with fiscal '25 and fiscal '26 on an underlying basis, the stacking of multiyear contracts build annually will mechanically generate significant free cash flow growth in fiscal '25 and fiscal '26. The progression from the adjusted fiscal '24 free cash flow base will be a bit more linear, although fiscal '26 free cash flow growth is expected to be faster than fiscal '25 as our largest renewal cohort converts to annual billings in that year.

As you build your fiscal '25 quarterly and full year estimates, please pay attention to what we've said each quarter during fiscal '24. As Andrew said, our new transaction model will likely provide a tailwind to revenue growth be broadly neutral to operating profit and free cash flow dollars and be a headwind to operating margin percent. The magnitude of each will be dependent on the speed of deployment. Excluding any impact from the new transaction model, we are planning for operating margin improvement in fiscal '25. Overall, we expect first half, second half free cash flow linearity in fiscal '25 to be more normal than in fiscal '24. And we still anticipate fiscal '24 will be the free cash flow trough during our transition from upfront to annual billings for multiyear contracts. Per usual, we'll give fiscal '25 guidance when we report fiscal '24 results, so I don't intend to parse these comments before then.

As I said at our Investor Day last March, the new normal is that there is no normal. Macroeconomic uncertainty is being compounded by geopolitical, policy, health and climate uncertainty. I'm thinking here of generational movements in monetary policy, fiscal policy, inflation, exchange rates, politics, geopolitical tension, supply chains, extreme weather events and, of course, the pandemic. These increased the number of factors outside of our control and the range of possible outcomes, which makes the operating environment harder to navigate both for Autodesk and its customers.

In this context, the mechanical rebuilding of our free cash flow as we transition to annual billings for multiyear contracts gives Autodesk an enviable source of visibility and certainty. I hope this gives you a better understanding of why we've consistently said that the path to 45% will not be linear. But let me also reiterate this: We're managing the business to this metric and feel it strikes the right balance between driving top line growth and delivering disciplined profit and cash flow growth. We intend to make meaningful steps over time toward achieving our 45% or more goal regardless of the macroeconomic backdrop.

Andrew, back to you.

Andrew Anagnost
President, Chief Executive Officer and Board Director at Autodesk

Thank you, Debbie.

Let me finish by updating you on our progress in the third quarter. We continue to see good momentum in AEC, particularly in transportation, water infrastructure and construction, fueled by customers consolidating on our solutions to connect and optimize previously siloed workflows to the cloud. Market conditions remain similar to previous quarters.

In Q3, WSP, one of the world's leading professional services firms, closed its sixth EBA with Autodesk, a testament to our strong and enduring partnership. Leveraging the breadth of our portfolio, WSP has delivered the comprehensive range of services demanded by its clients, generate millions of dollars in pipeline across the AEC and manufacturing industries, secured bridge and groundwork contracts through automation capabilities, reduced costs through increased efficiency, and most importantly, delivered impactful results for its customers.

TYPSA, a global engineering and consulting firm which supports all types of infrastructure, is harnessing Autodesk solutions to bolster its sustainable development goals around clean water and sanitation, industry innovation, infrastructure and responsible consumption and production. Utilizing Autodesk's BIM Collaborate Pro, TYPSA plans to improve team collaboration through easier data exchange, fewer clashes, and more effective design reviews. Autodesk solutions are empowering TYPSA to manage, coordinate and execute projects more efficiently, thus contributing to a better quality of life through improved infrastructure.

We are seeing growing customer interest in our complete end-to-end construction solutions, which encompass design, preconstruction and field execution to handover and into operations. Encouragingly, Autodesk Construction Cloud MAUs were again up well over 100% in the quarter.

In Q3, Elford, Inc., an ENR top 200 general contractor based in Ohio, selected Autodesk Construction Cloud over directly competitive offerings as its end-to-end construction platform. With our preconstruction and cost capabilities as standout differentiators, it ultimately chose Autodesk based on our level of partnership, our aligned vision and commitment to serve the evolving needs of the construction industry and the momentum our solution has demonstrated in the marketplace.

Again, these stories have a common theme: managing people, processes and data across the project life cycle to increase efficiency and sustainability while decreasing risk. Over time, we expect the majority of all projects to be managed this way, and we remain focused on enabling that transition through our industry clouds.

Moving on to manufacturing. We made excellent progress on our strategic initiatives. Customers continue to invest in their digital transformations and to consolidate on our Design and Make platform to grow their business and make it more resilient. For example, a global industrial company based in the U.S. is partnering with Autodesk to innovate more rapidly in its business. The customer had already standardized on Autodesk's Upchain to streamline its data and process manager within their molding technology solutions and modernize its CAM process by adopting Fusion to significantly reduce programming time and eliminate risks from legacy software.

During Q3, it renewed its EBA with Autodesk and plans to broaden its use of Upchain, Vault and Fusion. It is exploring Fusion's ability to enhance process management and its digital threat initiatives, which focus on product life cycle management, closed-loop quality, sustainability design, service life cycle management and supplier insight. Fusion continues to provide an easy on-ramp into our cloud ecosystem for existing and new customers. For example, a leading manufacturer for the agriculture industry is migrating from network licenses to named users and complementing those subscriptions with Flex tokens to maximize value and access for occasional users. As it digitizes its factories and create digital twins for its global facilities, it will use Flex to explore Autodesk's most advanced technology, like Fusion, for CAM toolpath automation and generative design. Flex provides the customer with the flexibility to scale its usage based on its needs, making sure its users have access to the right products at the right time. Fusion continues to grow strongly, ending the quarter with 241,000 subscribers, as more customers connect more workflows in the cloud to drive efficiency, sustainability and resilience.

In automotive, we continue to grow our footprint beyond the design studio into manufacturing and connected factories. In Q3, a leading automotive manufacturer renewed and expanded its EBA by more than 50%. In addition to its existing usage of Alias for concept design, modeling and design evaluation, the customer is replacing an internal tool with VRED for lighting simulation. In the future, it will implement Flow Production Tracking to improve and accelerate project communication and collaboration across departments and expand its use of Autodesk's integrated factory modeling to optimize factory layouts and enhance operational performance.

In education, we are preparing future engineers to drive innovation through next-generation design, analysis and manufacturing solutions. For example, our partnership with Penn State is making a positive impact in design classes and CAM/CNC activities across the Penn State Behrend, Berks, Harrisburg and University Park campuses. PSU Harrisburg has recently adopted Fusion in its core design class and plans to integrate it into its mechanical engineering curriculum. Fusion's accessible platform allows students to seamlessly transition from CAD to CAE and CAM, enabling them to make a difference outside the classroom and in industrial applications. They have already collaborated with NASA on a generative design project for spaceflight applications, inspiring numerous projects at NASA.

And finally, we continue with our customers to ensure they are using the latest and most secure versions of our software. A publicly traded construction company in Japan sought to streamline software management processes and minimize compliance risks by leveraging single sign-on, SSO, and directly sync features available in our premium plan. Through a collaborative analysis of the client software usage logs, we identified instances of non-compliant usage and recommended an appropriate number of subscriptions based on usage frequency and actual requirements. This proactive approach ensured that the client has the necessary access to meet their needs while maintaining compliance.

We've been laying the foundation to build enterprise-level AI for years with connected data, teams and workflows in industry cloud; real-time and immersive experiences; shared extensible and trusted platform services; and innovative business models and trusted partnerships. Autodesk remains relentlessly curious, with a propensity and desire to evolve and innovate. We are building the future with focus, purpose and optimism.

Operator, we would now like to open the call up for questions.


Questions and Answers

Operator

Thank you. [Operator Instructions] Our first question comes from the line of Saket Kalia of Barclays.

Saket Kalia
Analyst at Barclays

Okay. Great. Hey, guys. Thanks for taking my questions here. How are you?

Andrew Anagnost
President, Chief Executive Officer and Board Director at Autodesk

Great, Saket.

Saket Kalia
Analyst at Barclays

Andrew, maybe for you. Lots of talk about here, right, particularly with the new transaction model. Maybe the right first question here would be, why is this new model, I guess, as consequential as you said in your prepared remarks? Any color there you can add?

Andrew Anagnost
President, Chief Executive Officer and Board Director at Autodesk

Yes, absolutely. Let me start, Saket, by saying, first, the business is super resilient. We're built through resilience, and this is really showing up in these results in this round as well. And that's going to continue into the future. When we talk about this new transaction model, I think it's important to back up and talking about what we're trying to do with our customers and the journey we've been on. We are trying to do no less than move all of our customers to cloud-based life cycle solutions powered by AI that connect their design and make processes in a way that they've never had connected before.

Now to do that, you absolutely cannot use 40-year-old systems and business models. So we've been on this relentless journey to modernize the company. We started moving from developing cloud-based products to subscription models, to annualized billings. I mean you've seen journey after journey here to modernize the company. This is the next step and one of the most important steps in modernizing the company so that we have the kind of relationship with our customers that actually matches the kind of technology we're delivering to them.

So through this, we're not only going to have direct engagement with our customers through the products they use in the cloud, we're going to have direct engagements with them as a customer, as an account. We're going to understand them at the account level and as an entity, not just as a collection of transactions passed through several tiers. And that's really important. Because that will not only give us more information about our customers, it will help us give more information to our partners about our customers and understand them significantly better. And it will wrap up the whole solution and business model and capabilities in one package.

The other really consequential thing here is our partner network has to move from transaction-focused partners to solution-focused partners. They are going to be incredibly important on the front lines in helping our customers deploy and integrate new design to make solutions in the cloud. And this is going to be part of that transition for them. So yes, it is very consequential. And it's part and parcel of a long stream of modernizations we've been working on for a while, and I do think it's very significant.

Saket Kalia
Analyst at Barclays

Got it. No, absolutely. It sounds very strategic. Debbie, maybe for my follow-up for you. I know you said you wouldn't parse out your comments on fiscal '25. But could we maybe parse out those comments for fiscal '25 just a bit kind of given some of the moving parts? Sorry to ask, but...

Debbie Clifford
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer at Autodesk

There are indeed a lot of moving parts, Saket. So thanks for the question. I know that's the question that everyone wants to ask. I'm not going to parse all the details, but I'll just highlight some of the things that we called out in the opening commentary. Those things are the non-recurrence of EBA upfront and true-up revenue, FX and the macro drag on new subscriber growth. These are all things that are headwinds to revenue growth next year.

We also talked about the impact depending on the timing of this move to a new transaction model. That's going to be a tailwind to revenue. It will be margin and cash flow dollar neutral and is a headwind to margin percent. We'll give you all the details on this in February per the usual. But remember, what we're really trying to do is set ourselves up for success over the long term.

Saket Kalia
Analyst at Barclays

Makes a lot of sense. Thanks, guys. I'll get back in queue.

Operator

Thank you. Please standby for our next question. Our next question comes from the line of Jay Vleeschhouwer of Griffin Securities.

Jay Vleeschhouwer
Analyst at Griffin Securities

Thank you. Good evening. So on fiscal '25, following up on Saket's question, at the analyst meeting earlier this year, Debbie, you showed a chart depicting sustainable double-digit growth for Autodesk of 10% to 15%. Based on a combination of various price and volume components, are you still adhering to that plethora of price and volume sources of growth? Or have you changed your thinking in terms of the magnitude or mix of those sources of growth over time?

Debbie Clifford
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer at Autodesk

We are still targeting those sources of growth, Jay, as well as targeting the growth parameters of 10 to 15 points of revenue growth. Really what we're dealing with is this uncertain environment. And based on what we know today and assuming that market conditions are similar to what we've seen over the last several quarters, we do see revenue growth next year of about 9% or more. And what's driving that is really all those puts and takes that I talked about in the opening commentary. It's really important to remember that what we're trying to do is set ourselves up for success over the long term.

Jay Vleeschhouwer
Analyst at Griffin Securities

Andrew, for you, following up on AU last week. There were a number of quite interesting and useful sessions on our road maps and product plans, particularly on AUC and more broadly with regard to the data model. So let me ask you an unavoidably complex question about that. So when you think about the role of what you call granular data, does that ultimately affect as you implement that, the packaging or composition or consumption of the software? And you also gave quite detailed description of where you're going with ACC and Build and AC generally. But there's no time line in any of those presentations. So how are you thinking about the GA of much of what you talked about last week at AU in terms of making commercial a very large set of new technology features, particularly for AC?

Andrew Anagnost
President, Chief Executive Officer and Board Director at Autodesk

Yes. Okay. So let me tackle that with the first thing around the granular data. So ultimately, as you journey down this path, what does happen is the way the product operates, all the products, Forma in particular in terms of how it interacts with Revit and ultimately how those two blend together, they do become an environment that looks very much like the Fusion environment. And that environment is very different, as you know, than what it currently exists in most of the white -- the mainstream usage of our agency products. So yes, granular data ultimately leads to a different way that people consume and use the products in a different paradigm for which they actually engage with the product every day. So that's clear, okay?

Time line, I don't know exactly which presentation you're in. I suspect given your questions, you are in the more longer-term time line presentation. So a lot of stuff you saw there was over a two- to five-year time frame, but a lot of that is going to show up in the two- to three-year time frame associated with some of the things you heard. Now I think it's kind of obvious to tell which ones were towards the earlier part of that spectrum rather to the later part of that spectrum.

Turning some of these solutions over into infrastructure solutions and combining them with some of our infrastructure stuff, probably towards the later end. Getting the data more granular, uniting detailed design and conceptual design, and Forma probably much more closer. That kind of expectation you can have with those road maps.

Jay Vleeschhouwer
Analyst at Griffin Securities

Okay. Thank you, both.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Adam Borg of Stifel.

Adam Borg
Analyst at Stifel Financial

Awesome. hanks so much for taking the question. Maybe for Debbie, just on the multiyear to annual billings transition. Maybe just if you could just remind us kind of where we are overall in the process relative to expectations. And I do know that there are still some smaller cohorts that have yet to transition and just curious kind of where we are for those and if that's going to take place next year or is that still kind of in process?

Debbie Clifford
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer at Autodesk

Sure. Thanks. The rollout is going well. We're a couple of quarters in. The systems are working. Customers and partners are behaving pretty much as we expected. So overall, the performance is in line with our expectations.

I think the key thing is, remember, we're kind of at the beginning of this journey. This is going to be a three-year journey. So we're going to have a mechanical rebuild of free cash flow as we get into next year, fiscal '25, and also in fiscal '26. So some of the comments that I made on the call are important, and that is helping you think about how to normalize our fiscal '24 cash flow headed into fiscal '25. So we're moving that $200 million at the beginning of fiscal '24 as we head into fiscal '25. And then broadly, the fact that we'll have bigger cohorts coming up for renewal in fiscal '26, which drives faster growth in free cash flow in that period.

So overall, things are going well, and we're at this interesting point where we expect to see mechanical rebuilding of free cash flow from here.

Adam Borg
Analyst at Stifel Financial

Got it. And maybe just a second question. Interesting AI announcements with Autodesk AI back at AU last week. Any commentary on how to think about any price uplift from those solutions.

Andrew Anagnost
President, Chief Executive Officer and Board Director at Autodesk

Yes. So I'll take that one, Adam. Look, some of these features are already and will be delivered through our existing products. However, there are new models we'll be exploring with some of these capabilities. Obviously, it's a little too early to talk about actual monetization. But I do think some of the things you're seeing with Microsoft right now are quite interesting where highly evolved large models, which we have not yet deployed out in the market, are offered up to individual customers as a, here's your model. Now you train it, you custom train it and extend it with your data. Those kind of models are going to be very interesting in the future and really look like possibilities that we'll probably explore and look at as we move forward. But for now, a lot of this functionality is going to end up integrated with the existing products, as it has been for the last several years.

Adam Borg
Analyst at Stifel Financial

Great. Thanks again.

Operator

Thank you. Next question comes from the line of Joe Vruwink of Baird.

Joe Vruwink
Analyst at Robert W. Baird & Co.

Hi. Great. Hi, everyone. Maybe just a follow-up on that last question. Andrew, like you said, AI and automation is not new at Autodesk. But I did think the messaging was maybe a little more exact and pointed just as it pertains to the cloud data strategy and how that really is the gateway to future AI capabilities that Autodesk how customers need to be thinking about this. So my question is just curious to hear any feedback from customers on this approach and maybe levels of resistance or buy-in. You've started to hear just pertaining the customers kind of pooling their data and Autodesk ends up being the aggregator of industry information.

Andrew Anagnost
President, Chief Executive Officer and Board Director at Autodesk

Yes. So look, we have a very strong point of view on ethical and high trust use of data, and we intend to continue to pursue that with our customers and take a broad and strong stance around, look, it's your data. We're going to work with you to use it appropriately for things that make the whole ecosystem better. We're going to do it in a way that's trusted. And we're also going to work with you in a way that allows you to preserve the IP that you think is important to you that does not become part of the entire ecosystem.

So this is a conversation I have with many, many customers. Most obviously recognize the trade-off between massive amounts of productivity in terms of automating model creation and some of the benefits there. So they want to participate in ways that actually make sense for them and that maintain the trust and integrity that we're looking to do. So look for us to handle this in exactly that matter as we move forward.

Joe Vruwink
Analyst at Robert W. Baird & Co.

Okay. Great. And then I'm going to take my best shot at FY '25 question as well. But I think maybe two points of clarification or additional information. So Debbie, just on kind of the known headwind to free cash flow next year because of the long-term deferreds that happened to hit in this year. Can you reconcile that with the normal seasonality comment? Should we be removing that and then thinking about modeling normal seasonality? Part A. And then, part B, you've talked about currency a lot is having impacts on some of these numbers. And I would imagine just given what's on the balance sheet, you probably have a good sense of what currency will be next year. How does currency factor into that 9%-plus revenue growth rate you provided?

Debbie Clifford
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer at Autodesk

Sure. Thanks, Joe. So on the first question, I think you're thinking about it in a reasonable way. So take out the $200 million and then it should have a more reasonable -- that will give you more reasonable modeling expectations as you think about modeling fiscal '25 and beyond. And then on currency, gosh, it's really been all over the place. I think everybody has been seeing that. What we see right now is that it would be a headwind for us as we head into next year. But given the volatility, I think it really could go either way. But based on what we're seeing right now, it is a headwind to revenue growth next year.

Joe Vruwink
Analyst at Robert W. Baird & Co.

Okay. Thank you very much.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Tyler Radke of Citi. Please go, ahead, Tyler.

Tyler Radke
Analyst at Smith Barney Citigroup

Okay. Great. Thanks for taking the question here. Andrew, you talked about some record contribution from the construction side of the business, I think, broadly, but also within the EBAs. Could you elaborate within Autodesk Construction Cloud what are the strongest areas you're seeing customers of that?

Andrew Anagnost
President, Chief Executive Officer and Board Director at Autodesk

Yes. No. What's interesting is. We're not seeing the softness in construction that others may have highlighted. In fact, we have incredibly strong performance at the top end of our business. We saw strong growth internationally. And we're seeing growth in the U.S. And a lot of things are going on in the construction business right now. And whereas you see some sectors slowing down, retail, warehouse office, things like that, you're seeing other things offsetting it. Again, the dynamicism of Autodesk business, manufacturing, industrial, lots of factory construction going on, data centers, health care, infrastructure, all of these things are picking up. So we've got a lot of dynamics that are playing well with regards to our construction business right now.

When we look at the business, we look at the indicators that we have. Bid board activity was at record highs again. So we saw a good strong bid activity there. While construction backlog may have declined a bit, it's still high, all right? And the number one thing that I heard from general contractors at Autodesk University was, I still can't hire enough. So can't hire enough. So they're still going to be working through that backlog at a relatively slow pace.

Also what's really interesting is we're seeing ourselves in more deals down market now, more competitive deals, and frankly, we're winning some of them. And I think that's interesting. I think that probably results in slowing down deals for some of our competitors in various markets. But we're actually seeing a lot more interesting deal activity.

Tyler Radke
Analyst at Smith Barney Citigroup

That's helpful. And a follow-up for Debbie. I appreciate you getting a lot of questions on FY '25. And I'm not going to ask you to dissect it further. But if I think about just trying to bridge the 9%, which seems like it does have some tailwinds from the transactional changes. Relative to that 10% to 15% framework that you gave, it doesn't seem like macro has worsened relative to a few quarters ago or a year ago when you gave that out based on your commentary. Just help us understand that bridge. Is it mostly conservatism or maybe currency or some of the other headwinds are larger than we're thinking about? Thank you.

Debbie Clifford
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer at Autodesk

Yes. Sure. So remember, you got to be thinking about the non-recurrence of the EBA upfront and true-up revenue that we've been talking about all year. FX, as I just mentioned, could be a factor right now. We're assuming that it is a headwind to revenue growth. And then finally, we have been talking about the macro drag on new subscriber growth all year. And remember, given the ratable revenue recognition model that we have, what we're seeing with new subscriber growth this year has more of an implication for revenue growth next year than for revenue today. So those three factors are the biggest factors driving our estimate of 9% or more as we head into next year.

Tyler Radke
Analyst at Smith Barney Citigroup

Okay. Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Jason Celino of KeyBanc Capital Markets.

Jason Celino
Analyst at KeyBanc Capital Markets

Great. Thanks for taking my questions here. Maybe one on the EBAs. So in Q3, did you see any of these renewals maybe happen earlier than expected? Overall, it sounds like you're still seeing some timing true-ups, but also some pretty big expansions. Is the overarching takeaway that the cohort is expanding maybe better than what you had anticipated?

Debbie Clifford
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer at Autodesk

Thanks, Jason. So the EBA cohort has been performing really well all year, which has been great. Remember, this is a cohort that last renewed in late 2020. That was at the height of the pandemic. And back then, they made more conservative assumptions about usage because of the uncertain environment at that time. Fast forward to today, these customers are continuing to manage through a high demand for projects. That's led to higher overall usage on their contracts. And as we've mentioned before, we do monitor the usage. So we've had insight into the potential EBA upside as the year has progressed. We've continued to update our outlook, which is each quarter of the renewals and the true-ups. And as we look at Q4. We've got our eye on the remainder of this large EBA cohort. And the signs continue to be strong. We factored all of this into our latest estimates, and that's what drove the top line upgrade that we communicated today.

Jason Celino
Analyst at KeyBanc Capital Markets

Okay. Great. And then I asked this question last quarter, but it sounds like a few of your competitors might be starting to see some of the water infrastructure funding start to flow, pun intended this time. Are you seeing this, too? And then is this the strength that you're already seeing? Or could this be an additional opportunity for maybe next year?

Andrew Anagnost
President, Chief Executive Officer and Board Director at Autodesk

Yes. Jason, one of the things that you may have heard is that some of that money from the infrastructure bill that was targeting modernization of Department of Transportation was really, it's about $34 million that's significant in that not only it starts these DOTs on their process of modernization and evaluating the modernization, but it also was directed at several DOTs that we have relationships with and where we've actually displaced competitors and engaged with deeply. So that's pretty exciting stuff. That shows money starting to flow to the projects.

As I've always said, it takes time to release this money from the floodgates of Washington into the places -- floodgates of Washington, that's kind of an oxymoron comment. But it takes time to get there. And that -- this money is going to kind of again, build up momentum for the rest of the projects and help us move forward. So I would say it continues to be an emerging opportunity. Projects are getting started, but there's more hope in the future for even more projects, Jason.

Jason Celino
Analyst at KeyBanc Capital Markets

Okay. Great. Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Michael Funk of Bank of America.

Michael Funk
Analyst at Bank of America

Yes. Thank you -- thanks for the questions. Two, if I could. So first for you, Andrew. A number of changes with partner relationships last year. You mentioned the new transaction model. I think earlier you also changed the commission structure to more back end versus front-end loaded. So curious what kind of reaction you're hearing from your partners and how you expect these changes to impact that relationship.

Andrew Anagnost
President, Chief Executive Officer and Board Director at Autodesk

Yes. So obviously, we invest a lot in bringing our partners along on this. It doesn't mean all partners are going to be happy with these changes. Okay? It's just that is not an outcome that we're looking for or is likely. But many partners are going to be happy with these changes because we've been very clear about what the path is to growth for them. Beyond that, we've taken a really kind of incremental approach to these things with our partners. We kind of led them along, showed them the way. You might recall, we started the new transaction model with Flex close to about 1.5 years ago in Australia, then we rolled it out to the broad-based partner network and everybody got experience with it. Now we're testing in Australia.

Again, we take our partners along on these journeys in very deliberate ways. And frankly, the credibility we have with our partners in terms of making their businesses more consequential and significant and, frankly, larger over time has really created an environment where there's a lot of trust. And there's a lot of discussion about what this means for them and where it's going to take their business. And this will make the partners ultimately more consequential in some of the business discussions with their partners, with their customers by bringing them closer to the Design and Make infrastructure work that needs to happen in the services and support that.

Michael Funk
Analyst at Bank of America

No, thank you for that Andrew. And one for you, Debbie. Wanted to just check on the accounting of the math. You mentioned EBA revenue, non-recurrence in fiscal '25 a few times. So two pieces. First, accounting. I thought that the true-ups with upsizing in EBA, I thought that was recognized ratably over the term of the contract. Just trying to think how that might carry over and impact '25, I'm correcting that accounting. And then second, if you can just remind me, us on the actual benefit to fiscal year '24 from those items so we can pull that out of the fiscal year '25 number.

Debbie Clifford
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer at Autodesk

Sure. So from an accounting standpoint, the true-ups we recognize upfront. So think of it as an enterprise customer signs up for x number of tokens. And when they exceed x number of tokens, we build them for the differential and we recognize that revenue upfront and it doesn't recur in future periods, unless over the next three-year contract term, they utilize more than the tokens allotted in their contract again. So that's why it's something that is sort of a one-off, a good one-off, but a one-off nonetheless that could only recur three years from now for these contracts if we found ourselves in the same situation. And then in terms of sizing the benefit to fiscal '24, we haven't gotten into exact numbers. But you can think about the overall guidance upgrade that we talked about today is largely being driven by the strength that we're seeing from the enterprise business this year.

Michael Funk
Analyst at Bank of America

Great. Thank you both.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Matt Hedberg of RBC.

Matthew Hedberg
Analyst at RBC Capital Markets

Great. Thanks for taking my questions. I guess for either of you. Maybe thinking longer term, I'm curious if you could help us with maybe the -- this move from contra revenue. What is the impact to sort of like pro forma revenue growth once the business has migrated more so to the Flex model?

Debbie Clifford
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer at Autodesk

Matt, it's going to be -- revenue growth will accelerate. And the pace at which it accelerates is going to be determined based on how we go about the rollout. As we mentioned, we're working on that now. We launched Flex last year. We just launched in Australia. We're learning from Australia as we -- right now. And then as we look ahead to next year, we intend to go global with this. But we need to make sure that we are set up for success, which is why we're watching Australia closely. But when we execute finally on all aspects of this transition, it will be an accelerator to revenue growth.

Matthew Hedberg
Analyst at RBC Capital Markets

Got it. Thank you. And then I know last quarter you saw some pretty good non-compliant conversions. I don't think you mentioned -- or recall you talking about that. Was there any this quarter that you called out?

Debbie Clifford
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer at Autodesk

We continue to perform well with our non-compliant conversions. So I think you've heard us talk about a couple of things. I think historically we have talked about some of the larger deals that we've closed, and those types of deals are still happening. But as I recall, on last quarter's earnings call, Andrew was talking about some of the stuff that we've been doing in product that's driving more conversion. That's on a smaller scale in terms of deal sizes, but is driving significant volume for Autodesk. So over time, you're going to see us continue to flex different means of driving more compliance from non-compliant users, and it continues to be a steady drumbeat contributor to our revenue growth over time.

Matthew Hedberg
Analyst at RBC Capital Markets

Got it. Thanks.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Bhavin Shah of Deutsche Bank. Please go ahead, Bhavin.

Bhavin Shah
Analyst at Deutsche Bank Aktiengesellschaft

Great. Thanks for taking my questions. Just kind of following up on that last one on the new transaction model. Like what kind of learnings are you looking to see from Australia before kind of rolling the app more broadly and kind of any disruption kind of that we should think about from a partner [Phonetic] perspective?

Andrew Anagnost
President, Chief Executive Officer and Board Director at Autodesk

Well, one of the things that we're trying to make sure that we see is how do the partners line up their deals so that they're able to enter them into the system and make sure they get their pipeline lined up with the new way of doing things because they're going after directly, enter them into the system. Some of these services used to be taken over by bars, I mean, by distributors for some of our partners.

We're going to make sure that -- we want to make sure that large volumes work well with the systems. We're pretty confident at this point because of the Flex experience, but we know we want to stress test these things. We want to make sure that it works for all the product offerings, that there's no issues or hiccups with particular things, that when people try to true up renewal dates or line them up, there's not issues with those things. It's all the things that go into the mechanics of a partner entering the deal, all right, and having those things actually function. We just want to make sure it all works. Again, we have a lot of confidence because of the Flex work, but those are the things we're going to be testing for in the Australia pilot.

Bhavin Shah
Analyst at Deutsche Bank Aktiengesellschaft

That's helpful there. And just kind of following up on Fusion 360. I know you guys are making some pricing adjustments going into next year, kind of raising the list price on Fusion 360, but kind of rationalizing and lowering the price on the extensions. What's the kind of the rationale behind this? Is this to drive kind of further extension adoption down the road? And kind of how does this inform your views on as you think about rolling this out to Forma and the like...

Andrew Anagnost
President, Chief Executive Officer and Board Director at Autodesk

Yes. So Bhavin, what we're doing there is the price increase in Fusion is directly connected to the value we're delivering Fusion. We're making sure some of the customers who have been with us for a long time are treated appropriately and fairly. So we're paying attention to all those things to customer dynamics. But what we saw is that the value in base Fusion has just increased to a high level that we should be looking at the price more carefully. The value is going to continue to increase. And what we saw is that some of the extensions would probably see better adoption in some of the base -- the value was shifted to the base offering and the price of the extensions were contracted a little bit. So it's all this kind of balancing the overall cost of ownership for particular types of customers. And it's appropriate time to do it.

Bhavin Shah
Analyst at Deutsche Bank Aktiengesellschaft

Very helpful. Thanks for taking my questions.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Steve Tusa of J.P. Morgan. Your question please, Steve.

Steve Tusa
Analyst at J.P. Morgan

Hey, guys. Thanks for taking my question. Just on the subscriber growth. Are we talking like -- you mentioned the macro impact several times. What are we kind of talking about? What kind of rate this year? Is that like in the low to mid-single-digit range? And then what would it take for that to go flat? What type of macro do you think it would take to go flat?

And then secondarily, just on the free cash flow side. I think at the Investor Day, you had put a chart in there that insinuated that cash would still grow from '23 through the number in '26. Are we still on track for that kind of longer-term view just to level set us on the longer-term cash outlook?

Andrew Anagnost
President, Chief Executive Officer and Board Director at Autodesk

Yes. So Steve, let me take the first question a little bit. I won't answer the specific question. What I want to say is our business is incredibly resilient. You have to really pay attention to that. We're built for resilience. And I want to highlight some of the differences in puts and takes here. For instance, you probably noticed that AEC grew 20% in the quarter. And that offset some of the headwinds from media and entertainment due to writers' strikes and actors' strikes. Regionally, India and Canada offset the U.S. and the U.K. Market segment-wise, EBAs and small businesses offset the mid-market. You have to think of the business through this built for resilient framework. And so I want to shift your lens a little bit, and then I'll let Debbie comment on the second part of your question.

Debbie Clifford
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer at Autodesk

Yes, I would say, look, outside of the new transaction model, nothing has changed, and we're on track to achieving our goals. But this is a pretty big decision for us to transform our go-to-market, but I think is really beneficial to the company. It's going to drive greater free cash flow and greater revenue growth over the long term. I'm not going to parse comments about fiscal '26 in addition to fiscal '25 on this call. What we're really trying to do is set ourselves up for success over the long term and make smart decisions for the business and for our shareholders.

Steve Tusa
Analyst at J.P. Morgan

Okay. Great. Thanks a lot.

Operator

Thank you. That is all the time we have for Q&A today. I would now like to turn the conference back to Simon Mays-Smith for closing remarks.

Simon Mays-Smith
Vice President of Investor Relations at Autodesk

Thanks, everyone, for joining us. Wishing those who celebrate a Happy Thanksgiving and looking forward to catching up with you on the road over the coming weeks and at next quarter's earnings. Thanks so much, Latif. Handing it back to you.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

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