YRC Worldwide Company Profile (NASDAQ:YRCW)

About YRC Worldwide

YRC Worldwide logoYRC Worldwide Inc. (YRC Worldwide) is a holding company that, through its subsidiaries and its interest in a Chinese joint venture, offers a range of transportation services. The Company has a less-than-truckload (LTL) networks in North America with local, regional, national and international capabilities. It offers supply chain solutions enabling customers to ship industrial, commercial and retail goods. The Company operates through two segments: YRC Freight and Regional Transportation. The Company's YRC Freight segment is focused on business opportunities in national, regional and international markets. YRC Freight provides for the movement of industrial, commercial and retail goods. The Company's Regional Transportation segment is a transportation service provider focused on business opportunities in the regional and next-day delivery markets. Regional Transportation comprises USF Holland Inc. (Holland), New Penn Motor Express, Inc. (New Penn) and USF Reddaway Inc. (Reddaway).

Industry, Sector and Symbol:
  • Sector: Transportation
  • Industry: Trucking
  • Sub-Industry: N/A
  • Exchange: NASDAQ
  • Symbol: YRCW
  • CUSIP:
Key Metrics:
  • Previous Close: $12.56
  • 50 Day Moving Average: $13.82
  • 200 Day Moving Average: $12.67
  • 52-Week Range: $33,221,000.00 - $7.91
  • Trailing P/E Ratio: 19.35
  • Foreward P/E Ratio: 6.87
  • P/E Growth: -0.53
  • Market Cap: $417.92M
  • Outstanding Shares: 33,221,000
  • Beta: 3.33
Profitability:
  • Net Margins: 0.46%
  • Return on Equity: -5.89%
  • Return on Assets: 1.15%
Debt:
  • Debt-to-Equity Ratio: -2.99%
  • Current Ratio: 1.50%
  • Quick Ratio: 1.50%
Additional Links:
Companies Related to YRC Worldwide:

Analyst Ratings

Consensus Ratings for YRC Worldwide (NASDAQ:YRCW) (?)
Ratings Breakdown: 2 Hold Ratings, 4 Buy Ratings
Consensus Rating:Buy (Score: 2.67)
Consensus Price Target: $16.33 (29.84% upside)

Analysts' Ratings History for YRC Worldwide (NASDAQ:YRCW)
Show:
DateFirmActionRatingPrice TargetDetails
1/26/2017Stifel NicolausBoost Price TargetBuy$15.00 -> $18.00View Rating Details
12/16/2016Seaport Global SecuritiesReiterated RatingNeutralView Rating Details
11/4/2016StephensInitiated CoverageOverweightView Rating Details
11/2/2016Deutsche Bank AGInitiated CoverageHold$11.00View Rating Details
10/24/2016AegisInitiated CoverageBuy$20.00View Rating Details
7/27/2016Standpoint ResearchReiterated RatingBuyView Rating Details
7/29/2015Raymond James Financial, Inc.UpgradeMarket Perform -> Strong-Buy$20.00View Rating Details
(Data available from 2/27/2015 forward)

Earnings

Earnings History for YRC Worldwide (NASDAQ:YRCW)
DateQuarterConsensus EstimateActual EPSRevenue EstimateActual RevenueRelease LinkConference CallDetails
4/26/2017        
2/6/2017Q4 2016($0.12)($0.23)$1.13 billion$1.15 billionViewListenView Earnings Details
10/27/2016Q3$0.54$0.42$1.23 billion$1.22 billionViewListenView Earnings Details
7/28/2016Q2$0.58$0.83$1.20 billion$1.21 billionViewListenView Earnings Details
4/28/2016Q1($0.38)($0.37)$1.14 billion$1.12 billionViewListenView Earnings Details
2/4/2016Q4$0.20($0.73)$1.14 billion$1.14 billionViewN/AView Earnings Details
10/29/2015Q3$0.43$0.61$1.25 billion$1.45 billionViewListenView Earnings Details
7/30/2015Q215$0.17$0.80$1.31 billion$1.26 billionViewListenView Earnings Details
4/30/2015Q115($0.49)($0.70)$1.23 billion$1.19 billionViewListenView Earnings Details
2/5/2015Q414($0.26)$0.16$1.24 billion$1.22 billionViewN/AView Earnings Details
10/30/2014Q314($0.05)($0.03)$1.32 billion$1.32 billionViewListenView Earnings Details
7/31/2014Q214($0.01)($0.16)$1.31 billion$1.32 billionViewN/AView Earnings Details
5/1/2014Q114($1.12)($3.95)$1.17 billion$1.21 billionViewN/AView Earnings Details
2/27/2014Q413($2.77)($1.71)$1.18 billion$1.21 billionViewN/AView Earnings Details
11/7/2013Q313($0.46)($4.45)$1.26 billion$1.25 billionViewListenView Earnings Details
8/7/2013Q2 2013($0.93)($1.72)$1.26 billion$1.24 billionViewN/AView Earnings Details
5/3/2013Q1 2013($5.75)($2.93)$1.20 billion$1.16 billionViewN/AView Earnings Details
2/8/2013Q4 2012($2.71)($4.53)$1.18 billion$1.17 billionViewN/AView Earnings Details
11/2/2012Q312($3.69)($4.30)$1.29 billion$1.24 billionViewN/AView Earnings Details
8/3/2012($3.19)($3.21)ViewN/AView Earnings Details
5/3/2012($9.84)($12.40)ViewN/AView Earnings Details
2/28/2012($6.79)($12.40)ViewN/AView Earnings Details
7/22/2011($0.90)($0.81)ViewN/AView Earnings Details
5/6/2011($1.53)($2.14)ViewN/AView Earnings Details
2/4/2011($1.37)($0.61)ViewN/AView Earnings Details
(Data available from 1/1/2011 forward)

Estimates

Earnings Estimates for YRC Worldwide (NASDAQ:YRCW)
Current Year EPS Consensus Estimate: $1.12 EPS
Next Year EPS Consensus Estimate: $1.83 EPS
QuarterNumber of EstimatesLow EstimateHigh EstimateAverage Estimate
Q1 20161($0.42)($0.42)($0.42)
Q2 20161$0.47$0.47$0.47
Q3 20161$0.49$0.49$0.49
Q4 20161$0.16$0.16$0.16
Q1 20171($0.40)($0.40)($0.40)
Q2 20171$0.60$0.60$0.60
Q3 20171$0.45$0.45$0.45
Q1 20181($0.19)($0.19)($0.19)
Q2 20181$0.64$0.64$0.64
Q3 20181$0.60$0.60$0.60
Q4 20181$0.26$0.26$0.26
(Data provided by Zacks Investment Research)

Dividends

Dividend History for YRC Worldwide (NASDAQ:YRCW)
No dividend announcements for this company have been tracked by MarketBeat.com

Insider Trades

Insider Trading History for YRC Worldwide (NASDAQ:YRCW)
Insider Ownership Percentage: 3.30%
Institutional Ownership Percentage: 87.10%
Transaction DateInsider NameTitleBuy/SellNumber of SharesAverage Share PriceTotal TransactionDetails
2/21/2017William Robert DavidsonDirectorSell3,800$13.11$49,818.00View SEC Filing  
8/23/2016Justin M HallInsiderSell2,200$11.55$25,410.00View SEC Filing  
8/18/2016Scott D WareInsiderSell10,000$11.44$114,400.00View SEC Filing  
8/12/2016Jamie G PiersonInsiderSell49,000$11.28$552,720.00View SEC Filing  
8/9/2016Thomas Joseph O'connor IIIInsiderSell14,411$11.97$172,499.67View SEC Filing  
8/2/2016Darren HawkinsInsiderSell18,896$11.59$219,004.64View SEC Filing  
2/11/2016Jamie G PiersonCFOBuy35,000$6.72$235,200.00View SEC Filing  
11/6/2015Darren HawkinsInsiderSell5,000$17.49$87,450.00View SEC Filing  
2/13/2015Darren HawkinsInsiderSell1,571$19.87$31,215.77View SEC Filing  
12/1/2014James L WelchCEOSell10,000$24.05$240,500.00View SEC Filing  
11/25/2014James L WelchCEOSell10,000$23.80$238,000.00View SEC Filing  
11/24/2014James L WelchCEOSell10,194$23.52$239,762.88View SEC Filing  
11/21/2014Darren HawkinsInsiderSell8,000$23.35$186,800.00View SEC Filing  
11/20/2014Jamie G PiersonCFOSell10,596$22.47$238,092.12View SEC Filing  
11/14/2014James L WelchCEOSell10,000$23.75$237,500.00View SEC Filing  
11/5/2014Darren HawkinsInsiderSell2,241$23.56$52,797.96View SEC Filing  
11/4/2014Thomas Joseph O'connor IIIInsiderSell8,309$22.04$183,130.36View SEC Filing  
9/18/2014Tc Group Csp Ii, LlcMajor ShareholderSell4,083,122$21.90$89,420,371.80View SEC Filing  
5/30/2014Scott D WareInsiderSell1,710$22.34$38,201.40View SEC Filing  
5/5/2014Raymond BromarkDirectorSell5,000$21.17$105,850.00View SEC Filing  
3/11/2014Jamie PiersonCFOSell19,700$24.35$479,695.00View SEC Filing  
3/11/2014Scott WareInsiderSell3,419$24.71$84,483.49View SEC Filing  
3/7/2014Steven GastInsiderSell6,504$24.93$162,144.72View SEC Filing  
3/6/2014Michelle FrielVPSell40,000$25.01$1,000,400.00View SEC Filing  
3/4/2014Darren HawkinsInsiderSell5,005$24.56$122,922.80View SEC Filing  
3/4/2014James WelchCEOSell20,000$24.88$497,600.00View SEC Filing  
3/4/2014Jamie PiersonCFOSell40,000$24.35$974,000.00View SEC Filing  
3/3/2014James WelchCEOSell38,000$25.18$956,840.00View SEC Filing  
2/21/2014Scott WareInsiderSell1,710$20.93$35,790.30View SEC Filing  
1/31/2014Marc Lasrymajor shareholderBuy4,133,333$15.00$61,999,995.00View SEC Filing  
1/30/2014Scott WareInsiderSell4,009$22.54$90,362.86View SEC Filing  
1/29/2014Steven GastInsiderSell2,889$22.00$63,558.00View SEC Filing  
12/23/2013Michelle RussellVPSell6,000$19.12$114,720.00View SEC Filing  
10/30/2013Marc LasryMajor ShareholderSell549,881$9.53$5,240,365.93View SEC Filing  
10/24/2013Alternative Asset Manage SolusMajor ShareholderSell95,916$11.55$1,107,829.80View SEC Filing  
10/23/2013Alternative Asset Manage SolusMajor ShareholderSell137,281$12.03$1,651,490.43View SEC Filing  
8/7/2013Marc Lasrymajor shareholderBuy175,000$23.20$4,060,000.00View SEC Filing  
7/29/2013Marc LasryMajor ShareholderBuy1,302,000$27.77$36,156,540.00View SEC Filing  
5/9/2013Owl Creek Asset Management, L.Major ShareholderSell123,741$14.46$1,789,294.86View SEC Filing  
8/31/2012Harry J WilsonDirectorBuy10,000$5.58$55,800.00View SEC Filing  
8/31/2012James L WelchCEOBuy8,000$5.56$44,480.00View SEC Filing  
8/30/2012James F Winestock JrDirectorBuy5,000$5.45$27,250.00View SEC Filing  
8/10/2012Jamie G PiersonCFOBuy1,000$5.21$5,210.00View SEC Filing  
8/9/2012Jamie G PiersonCFOBuy2,000$5.20$10,400.00View SEC Filing  
8/8/2012Jamie G PiersonCFOBuy1,000$5.20$5,200.00View SEC Filing  
8/7/2012Raymond J BromarkDirectorBuy10,000$5.37$53,700.00View SEC Filing  
(Data available from 1/1/2013 forward)

Headlines

Latest Headlines for YRC Worldwide (NASDAQ:YRCW)
DateHeadline
4-traders.com logoYRC WORLDWIDE INC. : Change in Directors or Principal Officers, Financial Statements and Exhibits (form 8-K) (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.4-traders.com - February 25 at 4:37 AM
biz.yahoo.com logoYRC WORLDWIDE INC. Files SEC form 8-K, Change in Directors or Principal Officers, Financial Statements and Exhibits (NASDAQ:YRCW)
biz.yahoo.com - February 25 at 4:37 AM
streetinsider.com logoForm 4 YRC Worldwide Inc. For: Feb 21 Filed by: Davidson William Robert (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.streetinsider.com - February 23 at 4:08 AM
finance.yahoo.com logoYRC WORLDWIDE INC. Financials (NASDAQ:YRCW)
finance.yahoo.com - February 23 at 4:08 AM
live-pr.com logoNew Market Report: YRC Worldwide Inc. - Strategy, SWOT and Corporate Finance Report (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.live-pr.com - February 21 at 4:20 PM
News IconIs YRC Wordwide Inc (NASDAQ:YRCW) Stock Worth Buying Right ... - BNL Finance (press release) (registration) (blog) (NASDAQ:YRCW)
bnlfinance.com - February 21 at 8:03 AM
News IconWhat are the Technical Charts Saying About YRC Worldwide Inc. (YRCW) - Baldwin Journal (NASDAQ:YRCW)
baldwinjournal.com - February 17 at 5:21 PM
biz.yahoo.com logoYRC WORLDWIDE INC. Files SEC form 10-K, Annual Report (NASDAQ:YRCW)
biz.yahoo.com - February 17 at 8:47 AM
News IconEquity Insight: Indicator Review for YRC Worldwide Inc. (YRCW) - Baxter Review (NASDAQ:YRCW)
baxternewsreview.com - February 14 at 7:16 AM
globenewswire.com logoYRC Worldwide to Present at Stifel Transportation & Logistics Conference - GlobeNewswire (press release) (NASDAQ:YRCW)
globenewswire.com - February 12 at 8:40 AM
News IconForward Earnings Estimate of YRC Worldwide, Inc.(YRCW) - Highland Mirror (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.highlandmirror.com - February 12 at 8:40 AM
us.rd.yahoo.com logoYRC’s Freight Segment: What Happened to the Revenues in 4Q16? (NASDAQ:YRCW)
us.rd.yahoo.com - February 11 at 6:48 AM
us.rd.yahoo.com logoYRC Worldwide to Present at Stifel Transportation & Logistics Conference (NASDAQ:YRCW)
us.rd.yahoo.com - February 11 at 6:48 AM
capitalcube.com logoYRC Worldwide, Inc. :YRCW-US: Earnings Analysis: Q4, 2016 By the Numbers : February 9, 2017 (NASDAQ:YRCW)
us.rd.yahoo.com - February 10 at 6:47 AM
finance.yahoo.com logoReddaway Named 2016 Western Region LTL Carrier Partner of the Year by Unishippers Global Logistics (NASDAQ:YRCW)
finance.yahoo.com - February 9 at 6:50 AM
finance.yahoo.com logoYRC Freight Named 2016 National LTL Carrier Partner of the Year by Unishippers Global Logistics (NASDAQ:YRCW)
finance.yahoo.com - February 9 at 6:50 AM
finance.yahoo.com logoHolland Named 2016 Midwest Region LTL Carrier Partner of the Year by Unishippers Global Logistics (NASDAQ:YRCW)
finance.yahoo.com - February 9 at 6:50 AM
capitalcube.com logoYRC Worldwide, Inc. :YRCW-US: Earnings Analysis: 2016 By the Numbers : February 8, 2017 (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.capitalcube.com - February 9 at 6:50 AM
News IconMarket Check: Focusing on These Shares: YRC Worldwide Inc. (YRCW) - Piedmont Register (NASDAQ:YRCW)
piedmontregister.com - February 7 at 9:18 PM
News IconStock Predictive Move Analysis: YRC Worldwide Inc. (NASDAQ:YRCW) - The Oracle Examiner (NASDAQ:YRCW)
oracleexaminer.com - February 7 at 9:18 PM
News IconYRC Worldwide Inc. Chief Customer Officer Justin Hall to Deliver Keynote Presentation for the 2017 ALK Transportation Technology Summit (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.pressreleasepoint.com - February 7 at 4:17 PM
News IconStocks To Watch: YRC Worldwide Inc (NASDAQ:YRCW) Jones Lang LaSalle Inc (NYSE ... (NASDAQ:YRCW)
stockmarketdaily.co - February 7 at 4:17 PM
fool.com logoWhy YRC Worldwide Inc's Shares Crashed Today (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.fool.com - February 7 at 4:17 PM
reuters.com logoBRIEF-Yrc worldwide reports qtrly loss per share $0.23 (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.reuters.com - February 7 at 6:01 AM
seekingalpha.com logoYRC Worldwide, Inc. 2016 Q4 - Results - Earnings Call Slides (NASDAQ:YRCW)
seekingalpha.com - February 7 at 6:01 AM
rttnews.com logoEARNINGS SUMMARY: Details of YRC Worldwide Inc. Q4 Earnings Report (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.rttnews.com - February 7 at 6:01 AM
News IconYRC Worldwide takes late loss but posts profit for 2016 (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.kansascity.com - February 7 at 6:01 AM
biz.yahoo.com logoQ4 2016 YRC Worldwide Inc Earnings Release - After Market Close (NASDAQ:YRCW)
us.rd.yahoo.com - February 7 at 6:01 AM
us.rd.yahoo.com logoYRC Worldwide Reports Fourth Quarter and Full-Year Results for 2016 (NASDAQ:YRCW)
us.rd.yahoo.com - February 7 at 6:01 AM
sg.finance.yahoo.com logoYRC reports 4Q loss (NASDAQ:YRCW)
sg.finance.yahoo.com - February 7 at 6:01 AM
finance.yahoo.com logoEdited Transcript of YRCW earnings conference call or presentation 6-Feb-17 9:30pm GMT (NASDAQ:YRCW)
finance.yahoo.com - February 7 at 6:01 AM
News IconYRC Freight eliminates management layer in re-organization of field operations (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.dcvelocity.com - February 3 at 6:53 AM
zacks.com logoTransportation Stocks to Watch for Earnings on Feb 6: NAT, SALT, YRCW (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.zacks.com - February 3 at 6:53 AM
News IconNews Impact Score Of YRC Worldwide, Inc. (NASDAQ:YRCW) At 66 ... - Stock Observer (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.thestockobserver.com - January 31 at 8:15 AM
News IconTechnical Tracker: Watching Shares of YRC Worldwide Inc. (YRCW) - Springdale Times (NASDAQ:YRCW)
springdaletimes.com - January 27 at 6:56 AM
marketexclusive.com logoYRC Worldwide Inc. (NASDAQ:YRCW) Files An 8-K Regulation FD Disclosure - Market Exclusive (NASDAQ:YRCW)
marketexclusive.com - January 27 at 6:56 AM
finance.yahoo.com logoReddaway Professional Driver Jeffrey Payne Named to America’s Road Team (NASDAQ:YRCW)
finance.yahoo.com - January 27 at 6:56 AM
finance.yahoo.com logoYRC Freight Driver Bill Krouse Named to America’s Road Team (NASDAQ:YRCW)
finance.yahoo.com - January 27 at 6:56 AM
nasdaq.com logoNoteworthy Wednesday Option Activity: YRCW, AAL, SHW (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.nasdaq.com - January 26 at 6:39 AM
News IconYRC Worldwide Preliminary Fourth-Quarter Earnings Fall Short of Expectations (NASDAQ:YRCW)
ttnews.com - January 26 at 6:39 AM
4-traders.com logoYRC Worldwide Inc. (NASDAQ:YRCW) Files An 8-K Regulation FD Disclosure (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.4-traders.com - January 26 at 6:39 AM
capitalcube.com logoYRC Worldwide, Inc. – Value Analysis (NASDAQ:YRCW) : January 25, 2017 (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.capitalcube.com - January 26 at 6:39 AM
finance.yahoo.com logoYRC Worldwide Announces the Launch of Term Loan Amendment (NASDAQ:YRCW)
finance.yahoo.com - January 24 at 9:02 PM
finance.yahoo.com logo4:11 pm YRC Worldwide amends its term loan credit agreement; guides Q4 rev above Consensus (NASDAQ:YRCW)
finance.yahoo.com - January 24 at 9:02 PM
biz.yahoo.com logoYRC WORLDWIDE INC. Files SEC form 8-K, Regulation FD Disclosure, Financial Statements and Exhibits (NASDAQ:YRCW)
biz.yahoo.com - January 24 at 9:02 PM
capitalcube.com logoYRC Worldwide, Inc. breached its 50 day moving average in a Bearish Manner : YRCW-US : January 24, 2017 (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.capitalcube.com - January 24 at 4:00 PM
News IconNews Impact Score Of YRC Worldwide, Inc. (NASDAQ:YRCW) Set At 83 - Stock Observer (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.thestockobserver.com - January 24 at 5:28 AM
globenewswire.com logoYRC Worldwide Schedules Fourth Quarter 2016 Earnings ... - GlobeNewswire (press release) (NASDAQ:YRCW)
globenewswire.com - January 21 at 6:15 AM
News IconStock Focus: Watching RSI Levels on Shares of YRC Worldwide Inc. (YRCW) - Rives Journal (NASDAQ:YRCW)
rivesjournal.com - January 20 at 3:32 AM
streetinsider.com logoForm S-3/A YRC Worldwide Inc. (NASDAQ:YRCW)
www.streetinsider.com - January 19 at 9:50 PM

Social

What is YRC Worldwide's stock symbol?

YRC Worldwide trades on the NASDAQ under the ticker symbol "YRCW."

Where is YRC Worldwide's stock going? Where will YRC Worldwide's stock price be in 2017?

6 brokerages have issued 12-month target prices for YRC Worldwide's stock. Their forecasts range from $11.00 to $20.00. On average, they expect YRC Worldwide's share price to reach $16.33 in the next twelve months.

When will YRC Worldwide announce their earnings?

YRC Worldwide is scheduled to release their next quarterly earnings announcement on Wednesday, April, 26th 2017.

Who owns YRC Worldwide stock?

YRC Worldwide's stock is owned by a variety of of institutional and retail investors. Top institutional investors include Avenue Special Situations Fund VI (Master), LP (“Avenue Spec VI”) (9.60%), Dimensional Fund Advisors LP (3.90%), Folger Hill Asset Management LP (3.77%), FMR LLC (2.97%), State Street Corp (2.62%) and Thompson Siegel & Walmsley LLC (2.35%). Company insiders that own YRC Worldwide stock include Darren Hawkins, Jamie G Pierson, Justin M Hall, Scott D Ware, Thomas Joseph O'connor III and William Robert Davidson.

Who sold YRC Worldwide stock? Who is selling YRC Worldwide stock?

YRC Worldwide's stock was sold by a variety of institutional investors in the last quarter, including Renaissance Technologies LLC, Ellington Management Group LLC, GSA Capital Partners LLP, Raymond James Financial Services Advisors Inc. and Tudor Investment Corp Et Al. Company insiders that have sold YRC Worldwide stock in the last year include Darren Hawkins, Jamie G Pierson, Justin M Hall, Scott D Ware, Thomas Joseph O'connor III and William Robert Davidson.

Who bought YRC Worldwide stock? Who is buying YRC Worldwide stock?

YRC Worldwide's stock was purchased by a variety of institutional investors in the last quarter, including Folger Hill Asset Management LP, FMR LLC, Thompson Siegel & Walmsley LLC, Numeric Investors LLC, Putnam Investments LLC, Dimensional Fund Advisors LP, State Street Corp and Bogle Investment Management L P DE.

How do I buy YRC Worldwide stock?

Shares of YRC Worldwide can be purchased through any online brokerage account. Popular online brokerages include Vanguard Brokerage Services, TD Ameritrade, E*TRADE, Scottrade, Fidelity and Charles Schwab.

How much does a share of YRC Worldwide stock cost?

One share of YRC Worldwide stock can currently be purchased for approximately $12.58.

YRC Worldwide (NASDAQ:YRCW) Chart for Monday, February, 27, 2017


Institutional Ownership Chart

Institutional Ownership by Quarter for YRC Worldwide (NASDAQ:YRCW)

Earnings History Chart

Earnings by Quarter for YRC Worldwide (NASDAQ:YRCW)

Dividend History Chart

Dividend Payments by Quarter for YRC Worldwide (NASDAQ:YRCW)

Last Updated on 2/27/2017 by MarketBeat.com Staff