Two Harbors Investment Corp. is an externally managed REIT focused on the US residential mortgage market. The company strives to produce risk-adjusted returns by managing a portfolio of RMBS and other loans paired with a mortgage servicing business. The company delivers returns in the form of dividends primarily with a secondary goal of capital growth. The firm was incorporated in 2009 and is headquartered in Minnesota.
Two Harbors Investment Corp. is in business to invest in, finance, and manage a portfolio of residential mortgage-backed securities. These may include non-agency securities and mortgage servicing rights as well as other financial assets (about 5% to 10% of the portfolio). However, the bulk of the portfolio is in agency-backed RMBS. The fund's strategy of pairing a mortgage servicing business with an RMBS portfolio is unique in the industry and provides many advantages for investors that include reducing exposure to interest rate fluctuations and their impact on mortgage spread.
The company’s focus on agency-backed RMBS provides a level of safety because the principal and interest are backed by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, or other government agencies.
The company’s portfolio of mortgage servicing rights allows the company to capitalize on its experience in mitigating credit risk and is supported by a robust pipeline of new business. Originators provide new business on a continual basis as new loans are created. The company may also buy bundled loans from originators or other mortgage loan owners in order to earn fees for services.
Two Harbors Investment Corp. chooses to be taxed as a REIT. As such, the company distributes at least 90% of its taxable income in the form of dividends. Two Harbors Investment Corp. was externally managed until 2020. The switch to internal management better aligns the company’s goals with those of shareholders and improves the transparency of operations. Investors who wish to enroll in a share purchase or DRIP, dividend reinvestment program, should contact the company’s plan administrator, Equiniti Trust Company. Investors must be shareholders of record to participate in the plan.